The United States Army is the land component of the United States armed forces. It is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities in support of the National Security and Defense Strategies."

It is the largest, and by some standards, the oldest established branch of the armed forces of the United States and is one of seven uniformed services. Like all armies, it has the primary responsibility for land-based military operations. The modern Army had its roots in the Continental Army which was formed on June 14, 1775, before the establishment of the United States, to meet the demands of the American Revolutionary War. Congress created the United States Army on June 14, 1784 after the end of the war to replace the disbanded Continental Army. The Army considers itself to be descended from the Continental Army, and thus dates its inception from the origins of that force.

Control and operation of the Army is administered by the Department of the Army, one of the three service departments of the Department of Defense. The civilian head is the Secretary of the Army and the highest ranking military officer in the department is the Chief of Staff, unless the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff or Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are Army officers. As of August 31, 2007, the Regular Army reported a strength of 819,472 soldiers. By the end of 2006, the Army National Guard (ARNG) reported 546,288 and the United States Army Reserve (USAR) reported 289,975, putting the approximate combined component strength total at 1,655,735.



The US Army has three components, the Regular Army (officially known as the United States Army), the Reserve (officially known as the United States Army Reserve), and the Army National Guard (54 Army National Guards in total, 50 States, 3 Territories, and the District of Columbia).

The Commander in Chief of US Army is the President of the United States (currently Chris W. Marshall). The Army itself is led by a civilian Secretary of the Army (SECARMY), who reports to the Secretary of Defence. The Secretary of the Army provides civilian oversight for the Chief of Staff of the US Army, who is the US Army's senior military officer, and is a four-star General who is also a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

The 1986 Goldwater-Nichols Act mandated that operational control of the services follows a chain of command from the President to the Secretary of Defense directly to the Unified Combatant Commanders, who have control of all armed forces units in their geographic or function area of responsibility. Thus, the Chief of Staff of each service only has the responsibility to organize, train and equip their respective service component. The services provide trained forces to the Combatant Commanders for use as they see fit.

The Army is currently undergoing a period of transformation, which is expected to be finished in 2009. When it is finished, there will be six geographical commands which will line up with the five geographical Unified Combatant Commands (COCOM), and USSOCOM.

  • United States Army Central headquartered at Fort McPherson, Georgia
  • United States Army North headquartered at Fort Sam Houston, Texas
  • United States Army South headquartered at Fort Sam Houston, Texas
  • United States Army Europe headquartered at Campbell Barracks, Heidelberg, Germany
  • United States Army Pacific headquartered at Fort Shafter, Hawaii.
  • United States Army Special Operations headquartered at Fort Campbell, Kentucky (USASOC)

Another goal of the transformation is to flatten the US Army's structure, in other words, to reduce the number of layers of command between the Combatant Commander and the Soldier.

The transformation is producing an information age Army.

US Army recruiting logo

Combat Maneuver OrgansiationsEdit

The main combat maneuver organisation of the US Army is the Brigade, of which the US Army has 58.

Divisional insignia are currently maintained for the sake of tradition, however the Divisional headquarters no longer exists. Three brigades will wear the same Divisional insignia. The US Army have a three stage Rotational Readiness System, conisting of Training, Deployment, and Reconstitution. It has been decided that the three Brigade 'division' will be in that cycle. For example, 3 Heavy Brigades will wear the Norman Shield insignia of the 1st Cavalry Division. At any given time, one Brigade wearing this badge will be in the Training phase, one in the Deployment phase, and one in the Reconstitution phase.

The US Army has 3 types of Line Combat Brigades:

  • Combat Brigades
    • 20 Combat Maneuver Brigades
    • 30 Light Mechanised Infantry Brigades
    • 8 Airborne/Air Assault Brigades
  • Combat Support Brigades
    • 9 Theatre Air and Missile Defence Brigades
    • 6 Long Range Strike Brigades
    • 6 Theatre Deployment and Sustainment Brigades
    • 6 Combat Engineering Brigades
    • 6 Battlefield Aviation Brigades
    • 6 Aviation Strike Reconnaissance Brigades
    • 3 C4I Brigades
    • 3 CBRN Response Brigades

All of these Brigades are fully integrated units combining maneuver, fire support, IISR (information, intelligence, surveillence, and reconnaissance), combat mobility (engineers), sustainment, and aviation.

Combat Maneuver make use of heavy tanks such as the M1A2 Abrams and infantry fighting vehicles to provide mobile, highly lethal, and well protected forces for conventional warfare with the most advanced nation states. They possess massive firepower. Such brigades are normally deployed to Europe to protect US allies such as Belgium, and the Netherlands.

Light Mechanised Infantry Brigades are a more general purpose Brigade. They are easily deployable, yet highly mobile, lethal, and relatively well protected. The primary means of infantry mobility is the M113A4 Armoured Personnel Carrier. Light tanks (M8 Buford) tend to be used as mobile gun platforms. It is designed to quick deployment to troublespots. It is a combination of some of the speed of an Airborne unit with the some of the protected firepower of a Combat Maneuver unit.

Airborne/Air Assault Brigades are light infantry. Some of these brigades are parachute qualified, while others rely on helicopters, and wheeled vehicles for mobility. They have few armoured vehicles. Some M8s and M113A4s provide a measure of tracked capability, but these vehicles are few in number to conserve precious air transport assets.

The Combat Support Brigades provide theatre level forces. Under the old structure, these would have been Divisional or Corp level assets.

Theatre Air and Missile Defence Brigades provide long range air defence and missile defence to an Army task force. They are armed with MIM-104 Patriot missiles, THAAD anti-missile missiles, and all necessary radars, command and communications facilities. For local self-defence, it also has a HUMRAAM battery.

Long Range Strike Brigades provide the Army with long range nuclear and conventional artillery with strike ranges of 30-1770 km. The Brigade has M107 self propelled guns, M110 self propelled howitzers, M270 MLRS launchers with MGM-140 and MGM-164 ATACMS missiles, and finally, the long range MGM-31 Pershing II nuclear ballistic missile.

Theatre Deployment and Sustainment Brigades provide logistical and service support for Army forces. They are particularly good for moving in quickly and establishing the necessities for an Army presence where it has not existed before.

Combat Engineering Brigades provide the most advanced engineering and construction services to a Joint Theatre Commander.

Battlefield Aviation Brigades provide extra transport and attack helicopters to Army combat forces, as well as providing high-end transport capabilities to the Army. These are oriented to the needs of Combat Maneuver forces.

Aviation Strike Reconnaissance Brigades are centred around attack and reconnaissance helicopters. Fixed-wing surveillance aircraft and UAVs also feature in this brigade. The Brigade has relatively few transport helicopters and few fixed-wing transport aircraft.

C4I Brigades provide capabilities in electronic warfare, psychological warfare, communications, and information warfare.

Combat Maneuver BrigadeEdit


Maneuver BattalionEdit


Light Mechanised Infantry BrigadeEdit


Light Mechanised Infantry BattalionEdit


Light Armoured BattalionEdit


Airborne/Air Assault BrigadeEdit


Airborne/Air Assault Infantry BattalionEdit



The US Army has a number of Component Commands responsible for providing training, evaluation, testing, doctrine development, and specialised services to the Army. Some of these commands are new. Particularly the Financial and Auditing Command which is now a three-star command reflecting President Marshall's drive for greater accountability, and financial transparency in the Federal Government.

  • United States Army Land Combat Command
  • United States Army Materiel and Doctrine Command
  • U.S. Army Test & Evaluation Command
  • U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  • U.S. Army Medical Command
  • United States Army Military District of Washington
  • U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC)
  • United States Army Legal and Justice Command
  • U.S. Army Network Enterprise Technology Command
  • United States Army Financial and Auditing Command
  • U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM)
  • U.S. Army Human Resources Command (HRC)

Special Operations ForcesEdit

Special Forces exist outside this structure, and are part of United States Army Special Operations, which is in turn part of United States Special Operations Command. USASO consists of the following units:

United States Army Special Operations Command (Airborne) shoulder sleeve insignia

  • 25px-SFOD-D_Patch.svg.png 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (1st SFOD-D, Delta Force)
  • 25px-Us-special_forces.svg.png United States Army Special Forces (Green Berets)
    • 25px-1sfg.gif 1st Special Forces Group
    • 25px-3sfg.gif 3rd Special Forces Group
    • 25px-5sfg.svg.png 5th Special Forces Group
    • 25px-7th_Special_Forces_Group.svg.png 7th Special Forces Group
    • 25px-USA_-_10th_Special_Forces_Flash.png 10th Special Forces Group
    • 25px-19sfg.svg.png 19th Special Forces Group (National Guard)
    • 25px-20sfg.gif 20th Special Forces Group (National Guard)
  • 25px-75_Ranger_Regiment_Distinctive_Unit_Insignia.PNG 75th Ranger Regiment (Airborne)
    • 1st Ranger Battalion
    • 2nd Ranger Battalion
    • 3rd Ranger Battalion
    • Regimental Special Troops Battalion
  • 25px-160th_SOAR_Distinctive_Unit_Insignia.png 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne)
  • 25px-4psyopgp.gif 4th Psychological Operations Group (Airborne)
  • 25px-95CivilAffairsBdeSSI.jpg 95th Civil Affairs Brigade (Airborne)
  • 25px-Soscom_crest.gif 528th Sustainment Brigade (Special Operations) (Airborne)
  • 25px-Swcs_crest.png United States Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School

Opposing ForcesEdit

The Opposing Forces units, or OPFOR are US Army units intended to simulate enemy equipment and tactics in order to train US and friendly forces. The need for these forces was realised after a series of RAND corporation studies revealed that a soldier who survived his first dozen fights had a 75% chance of surviving a tour of duty. The aim of OPFOR is to give a soldier those experiences in a non-lethal, high-stress setting as close to real combat as possible.

There are three Major Training Centers that utilize home-based OPFOR units for the US Army:

  • The National Training Center or NTC in New Mexico with the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment or Blackhorse simulating a European conventional unit.
  • The Joint Readiness Training Center or JRTC in Texas with the the 1st Battalion, 509th Parachute Infantry Regiment or Geronomos (also known as Al OPFOR) simulating Islamofascist terrorists in an urban setting.
  • The Joint Multinational Readiness Center or JMRC in the United Kingdom with the 1st Battalion, 4th Infantry Regiment (Separate) or Warriors


The US Army currently maintains a flexible response doctrine. It emphasises attack as the best form of defence, and has tried to maintain a decentralised method of fighting. A key component is the need to shift fighting as quickly as possible on to the territory of the enemy.

US ground forces try to maintain a 'belt and braces' approach to attack, and defence. Even though the information age has revolutionised land warfare, the US Army maintains that physical advantage must be kept, and that high situational awareness cannot compensate for a lack of mobility, armoured protection, and firepower.

Although US ground forces are highly integrated with aerial support from Army Aviation, carrier aviation, and the Air Force, the US Army still believes it needs a large amount of organic fire support, which is to say the fact that troops can virtually directly vector support from fighter-bombers does not remove the need for conventional artillery.

The US Army has had a renewed appreciation of the need for air defence, and today US ground forces have a large amount and variety of air defence weapons. Every Line Combat Brigade deploys a battery of MIM-23 HAWK or AIM-120 SL-AMRAAM missiles, and every battalion has mobile FIM-92 Stinger missiles.


Small ArmsEdit


  • M9 9mm pistol
  • M11 9mm pistol
  • M17 9mm pistol
  • M18 9mm compact pistol
  • M19 .45 ACP pistol
  • M20 .45 ACP compact pistol
  • Mk 23 Mod 0 .45 ACP pistol (Para-Ordnance P-14-45 Special Forces)
  • Wilson Combat CQB .45 ACP pistol (Special Forces)


  • M16A2/A3/A4 5.56mm rifle
  • Mk 16 Mod 0 5.56mm Rifle (FN SCAR-L)
  • Mk 17 Mod 0 7.62mm Rifle (FN SCAR-H)
  • M14 7.62mm rifle
    • M14 SMUD (Stand-off Munition Disruption rifle)
  • M1903 Springfield Rifle .30'06 rifle (US Army Drill Team)


  • M4/M4A1 Carbine 5.56mm carbine
  • Mk 18 Mod 0 CQBR 5.56mm carbine (Special Forces)
  • Colt Model 723/725/727 5.56mm carbine (Special Forces)

Submachine GunsEdit

  • Colt RO635 9mm submachine gun

Machine GunsEdit

  • M249 Minimi 5.56mm light machine gun
  • M240 7.62mm general purpose machine gun
  • M60 7.62mm general purpose machine gun
  • M2 Browning .50 BMG heavy machine gun

Sniper RiflesEdit

  • M24 Sniper Weapon System 7.62mm sniper rifle
  • M110 SASS 7.62mm sniper rifle
  • M21 7.62mm sniper rifle
  • M25 7.62mm sniper rifle
  • M82 .50 BMG sniper rifle
  • M107 .50 BMG sniper rifle


  • Mossberg 500 & 590 12 gauge shotgun
  • KAC Masterkey 12 gauge shotgun (Special Forces)
  • Remington 870 12 gauge shotgun

Heavy WeaponsEdit

  • M203A1/A2 40mm grenade launcher
  • Mk 13 Mod 0 40mm grenade launcher
  • M32 40mm Multiple Grenade Launcher
  • M3 MAAWS 84mm recoilless rifle
  • M72 66mm rocket launcher
  • M136 AT4 84mm disposable rocket launcher
  • Mk 153 Mod 0 SMAW 83mm rocket launcher
  • M202A1 Flash (Flame Assault Shoulder Weapon)
  • FGM-172 SRAW anti tank missile
  • FGM-148 Javelin anti tank missile
  • FGM-153 Spike assault missile [1];[2]
  • FIM-92 Stinger surface to air missile

M9 pistol, in use for 25 years


M17 pistol, replacement for the M9 and another Smith & Wesson product


The M16 rifle, standard US military rifle for 45 years


The M14 has made a big comeback since its replacement during the Vietnam War


M4 carbine, latest variation of the Vietnam-era shortened M16


M249 Squad Automatic Weapon, designed in Belgium as the FN Minimi


The M240 machine gun, replacement for the M60 and another Belgian design (FN MAG)


The M2, the classic 'fifty cal', in service for an incredible 77 years (no plans for replacement)


M24, the standard sniper rifle


The M107 fifty caliber sniper rifle, capable of hitting targets at over 2000 yards


M203 grenade launcher mounted on the M16A4

At4 m136

M136 AT4 anti-armour weapon fitted with a night sight

Armoured VehiclesEdit


  • M1 Abrams
    • M1 Abrams (National Guard only)
    • M1A1 HA Abrams
    • M1A1 AIM Abrams
    • M1A2 SEP Abrams
    • M1 Grizzly Engineer Vehicle
    • M104 Wolverine Heavy Assault Bridge
    • M105 Abrams Recovery Vehicle
  • M60 Patton (combat tanks retired)
    • M60A1 Armored Vehicle Launched Bridge
  • M48A5 Patton (combat tanks retired)
    • M88A2 Hercules Recovery Vehicle
  • M8 Armoured Gun System
  • M551 Sheridan
800px-US Army M1A1 Abrams main battle tank

M1A1 Abrams on the move


M1A2 Abrams operating in Saudi Arabia

M104 HAB

M104 Wolverine heavy assault bridge

44arv abrahms recovery vehical

The M105 Abrams Recovery Vehicle

401px-ALVB of the Ohio Army National Guard

M60 AVLB of the Ohio ARNG. The M60 AVLB will serve with the National Guard for a long time


An M88A2 towing an inoperative M1 Abrams


M8-AGS, the US Army's new light tank

800px-M551 Sheridan

M551 Sheridan light tank in South Vietnam

Armoured Personnel CarriersEdit

  • Bradley Fighting Vehicle
    • M723 Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicle [3] [4] [5]
    • M724 C2V (Command and Control Vehicle)
    • M725 Bradley AMEV (Armoured Medical Evacuation Vehicle)
    • M726 Bradley AMTV (Armored Medical Treatment Vehicle)
  • M113A4 series
    • M113A4 Armoured Personnel Carrier
    • M113A4 Reconnaissance Vehicle [6]
    • M163A4 Blazer Air Defence System
    • M1064A4 120mm Mortar Carrier
    • M1254A4 81mm Mortar Carrier
    • M727A4 SL-AMRAAM Launcher
    • M577A4 Command Post Carrier
    • M113A4 Engineer Support Vehicle
    • M113A4 Medical Evacuation Vehicle
    • M5774 Medical Treatment Vehicle
    • M113A4 CBRN Reconnaissance Vehicle
    • M806A4 Recovery Vehicle
    • M1108 Universal Load Carrier
  • Legacy M113 series
    • M113A3 Armoured Personnel Carrier
    • M163A3 Vulcan-Stinger Air Defence System [7]
    • M1064A3 120mm Mortar Carrier
    • M1254A3 81mm Mortar Carrier
    • M727A3 HAWK launcher
    • M730A3 Chaparral launcher
    • M901A3 Improved TOW Vehicle
    • M548A3 Tracked Carrier
    • M577A3 Command Post Carrier
    • M579A3 Fitters Vehicle
    • M981A3 FIST-V
    • M113A3 Ambulance
    • M577A3 Armoured Medical Treatment Vehicle
    • M1015A3 Tracked Electronic Warfare Carrier
    • M58A3 Wolf Smoke Generator
M723 photo

The M723 Bradley, the US Army's standard infantry fighting vehicle


The stretched M113A4 armoured personnel carrier

M113A4 Reconnaissance Vehicle

M113A4 tracked light reconnaissance vehicle (recognition image)


M1064A4 120mm mortar carrier, with a greater ammunition capacity of 88 rounds

M901 imgt 027

M901A3 Improved TOW vehicle

M113A4 Air Defence Vehicle

M163A4 Air Defence Vehicle with one cannon and eight FIM-92 Stinger missiles (recognition image)


M577A3 Command Post Carrier


M1108 Universal Carrier

Light Combat VehiclesEdit

  • M1117 Guardian
  • M1097 Avenger Air Defence System
  • M1099 HUMRAAM Air Defence System
800px-M1117 Armored Security Vehicle

The M1117 Armoured Security Vehicle, popular with the Military Police

Avenger missile

M1097 Avenger, a light mobile Stinger launch vehicle. It is the counterpart to the M163A4 found in heavier battalions

680px-CATM 120C AMRAAM p1230119

The M1099 HUMRAMM launcher for the AIM-120 Surface Launched AMRAAM

Mine Resistant Ambush Protected VehiclesEdit

  • Cougar H
  • Cougar HE
  • BAE Caiman
  • RG-31
  • Cheetah MMPV
  • RG-33
  • RG-33L
  • MaxxPro XL Mine Protected Vehicle (MPV)
  • Buffalo (mine protected vehicle)
  • Meerkat Mine Detection Vehicle (MDV)
  • Husky Metal Detecting and Marking Vehicle

RG-31, the first MRAP

MaxxPro in Iraq

MaxxPro MRAP setting off for an operation


Cougar HE in testing. Had anyone been inside this vehicle, all would have survived

Buffalo mine-protected vehicle

Buffalo, it has a manipulator arm designed to disarm or safely detonate bombs

Support/Engineering VehiclesEdit

  • M9 Armored Combat Earthmover
  • M93 Fox CBRN reconnaissance vehicle
  • M578 Recovery Vehicle
  • M973 Small Unit Support Vehicle (SUSV)
    • M973A1 (Cargo) Small Unit Support Vehicle (SUSV)
    • M1065 (Command Control) Small Unit Support Vehicle (SUSV)
    • M1066 (Ambulance) Small Unit Support Vehicle (SUSV)
    • M1067 (Flatbed) Small Unit Support Vehicle (SUSV)
800px-M9 ACE Vehicle

M9 ACE in its element: dirt!


M93 Fox CBRN reconnaissance vehicle

800px-M578 Recovery Vehicle

M578 Light Recovery Vehicle in South Vietnam

800px-M973 SUSV offloading C-130 Hercules

M973 SUSV driving off a C-130

OPFOR vehiclesEdit

  • M551 NTC (National Training Centre)
    • M551 VISMOD AMX-30
    • M551 VISMOD Leclerc
    • M551 VISMOD Leopard 1
    • M551 VISMOD GCT
    • M551 VISMOD Gepard
  • M113A3 VISMOD AMX-10P
  • M113A3 VISMOD Marder
  • M113A3 VISMOD
  • Technical (Toyota Tacoma pickup truck with Machine Gun)
800px-M551 Sheridan vismod AMX-30

M551 Sheridan modified to resemble a French-made AMX-30 tank


This Toyota Tacoma pickup truck is armed with an M240 and is intended to simulate the technicals widely used in the Third World



  • M224 60 mm mortar
  • M252 81 mm mortar
  • M120 120 mm mortar
  • M121 120 mm mortar

M224 60mm mortar, a standard company weapon


M252 81mm mortar, a battalion level mortar. Interestingly, it is of British design


The M120 120mm mortar. Normally it is mounted in an M113 chassis under the designation M121


  • M40 (106mm Recoilless Rifle)
  • M101 (105mm Towed Howitzer)
  • M102 (105mm Towed Howitzer)
  • M119 (105mm Towed Howitzer)
  • M198 (155mm Towed Howitzer)
  • M777 (155mm Towed Howitzer)
  • M109 (155mm Self-Propelled Howitzer)
    • M109A5 (155mm Self-Propelled Howitzer)
    • M109A6 Paladin (155mm Self-Propelled Howitzer)
    • M992 Field Artillery Ammunition Support Vehicle (FAASV)
    • M992A2 Fire Direction Center Vehicle (FDCV)
  • M107 (175mm Self-Propelled Gun)
  • M110 (203mm Self-Propelled Howitzer)

M40 recoilless rifle mounted in a HMMWV, a configuration favoured by airborne forces

Id m102 04 700

An M102 howitzer being transported by a UH-60. The UH-60 could also transport crew and ammunition simultaneously

800px-US M119 Howitzer

Paratroopers fire their M119 105mm howitzer. The M109 is another British designed piece


A 155mm shell leaves the barrel of an M198 howitzer

800px-M777 Light Towed Howitzer 1

The British designed M777, which makes maximum use of titanium to bring the weight down

800px-M109A6 Paladin ID 071010-F-0209C-002

M109A6 Paladin, latest version of the venerable and combat-proven M109 self propelled howitzer


An M107 engages a target in South Vietnam. The only systems which outrange the M107 are missiles and aircraft


The M110 203mm howitzer. Its projectiles weigh up to 200lbs


  • M270 MLRS
    • M26 Rocket
      • M26A1
      • M26A2
    • M29 Rocket with Sense and Destroy Armor (SADARM)
    • M30 Guided MLRS (GMLRS)
    • M31 Guided MLRS (GMLRS)
    • MGM-140 ATACMS
    • MGM-164 ATACMS II
    • MGM-168 ATACMS Block IVA
  • M142 HIMARS High Mobility Artillery Rocket System
    • M26 Rocket
      • M26A1
      • M26A2
    • M29 Rocket with Sense and Destroy Armor (SADARM)
    • M30 Guided MLRS (GMLRS)
    • M31 Guided MLRS (GMLRS)
    • MGM-140 ATACMS
    • MGM-164 ATACMS II
    • MGM-168 ATACMS Block IVA
  • MGM-31C Pershing II
751px-M-270A1 Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)

M270 MLRS, the 'grid square eraser'

788px-Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) launcher, 1989

MLRS firing a standard rocket, always a spectacular sight

480px-Atacms 02

It can also fire the MGM-140 ATACMS ballistic missile


HIMARS is a lighter counterpart to MLRS

800px-HIMARS rolls off a C-130

HIMARS can be transported by a C-130 Hercules

800px-HIMARS - missile launched

HIMARS can fire any standard MLRS ammunition, in this case the Guided MLRS rocket

474px-Pershing-2 two stage version

MGM-31C Pershing II in flight, this is the Army's premier nuclear strike system


Pershing II poised on its erector-launcher trailer

Anti-Tank WeaponsEdit

  • M40 (106mm Recoilless Rifle)
  • FGM-172 SRAW
  • FGM-148 Javelin
  • MGM-51 Shillelagh
  • BGM-71 TOW
M40 Recoilless Rifle

M40 106mm Recoilless Rifle, which now has improved ammunition to keep it competitive against modern threats

Predatorkestrel 1

Soldier preparing to fire the FGM-172 Predator


The FGM-172 Predator missile


FGM-148 Javelin


Javelin missile shortly after launch

MGM-51 Shillelagh2

The now little used MGM-51 Shillelagh. Its only launcher is the M551 Sheridan light tank


The BGM-71 TOW has gone through numerous changes to keep it up to date with enemy threats


TOW is often mounted in the M901 Improved TOW Vehicle, based on the M113 armoured personnel carrier


TOW can still be fired from a tripod

Air DefenceEdit

  • M167 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS) 20mm Air Defence Cannon
  • GAU-12 25mm cannon
  • FIM-92 Stinger
  • MIM-71 Chaprral
  • MIM-23 HAWK
  • MIM-104 Patriot
    • Patriot PAC (Patriot Advanced Capability 1)
    • Patriot PAC-2 (Patriot Advanced Capability 2)
    • Patriot PAC-3 (Patriot Advanced Capability 3)
  • THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense)

M167 VADS, still an important legacy system

800px-M163 VADS

M163 VADS, which combines the M167 system with an M113 chassis for mobility


This Israeli modification of the M163 keeps it up to date, and makes it a still viable system for the National Guard and Army Reserve


The FIM-92 Stinger missile

800px-Stinger Missile Team

A USAF Stinger team protecting Kunsan Air Base, Korea

M113A4 Air Defence Vehicle

This is the M113A4 Air Defence Vehicle, equipped with a GAU-12 25mm cannon, and 8 FIM-92 Stinger missiles

750px-Avenger Stinger Missile

An M1097 Avenger firing an FIM-92 Stinger

MIM-72 Chaparral 07

MIM-72 Chaparral is another important legacy system, based on the AIM-9 Sidewinder

800px-JGSDF MIM-23 Hawk SAM

A Japanese MIM-23 HAWK launcher. HAWK is being phased out of US service, but is still an important allied system

800px-Hawk Firing 2

HAWK being fired during a training exercise

Hawk mobile

The HAWK system includes this intelligently designed mobile loader

475px-ELEC AN-MPQ-64 Sentinel Radar lg

The MPQ-64 Sentinel radar is used to cue both HAWK and SL-AMRAAM missiles

680px-CATM 120C AMRAAM p1230119

The HUMRAAM launcher with AIM-120 AMRAAM missiles, which provides air defence out to 20 km range


HUMRAAM launcher firing an AIM-120 AMRAAM missile


HUMRAAM poised for action, heavier units use a similar launcher on an M1108 chassis

P0067854 janes

An unusual view of the HUMRAAM firing an AIM-120 missile

800px-MIM-104 Patriot (1997)

MIM-104 Patriot launcher deployed


The MPQ-53 radar cues the Patriot system

Patriot missile launch b

A Patriot launch, day or night, is a spectacular sight

MFC PAC3 photo3 m

PAC-3, the latest version of Patriot, and a dedicated anti-missile missile


The THAAD missile, the Army's high-level anti-ballistic missile system


THAAD is launched from a HEMTT vehicle


The TPY-2 radar detects inbound targets for THAAD

Thaad 3

THAAD's unusual flight path. The turns are performed to burn excess propellant for energy management


Scout/Utility HelicoptersEdit

  • OH-58 Kiowa
    • OH-58A Kiowa
    • OH-58C Kiowa
    • OH-58D Kiowa
    • OH-58D Kiowa Warrior
  • UH-90 Lakota [8]
  • MH-6 Little Bird
    • AH-6 Little Bird

OH-58A Kiowa, still in use more than 30 years after the Vietnam War

800px-OH-58D Kiowa Treetop

OH-58D Kiowa Warrior observes the enemy in an exercise in South Korea. Its Mast Mounted Sight ensures that it can see without being seen.


McDonnell Douglas UH-90 Lakota, a scout/liaison helicopter

750px-MH-6 Little Bird

MH-6 Little Bird, a special forces support helicopter

Attack HelicoptersEdit

  • AH-64 Apache
    • AH-64A Apache
    • AH-64D Apache
    • AH-64D Apache Longbow
  • AH-1 Cobra (National Guard)
    • AH-1P Cobra
    • AH-1S Cobra
    • AH-1E Cobra
    • AH-1F Cobra
AH-64 Apache

The AH-64 Apache is one of the best attack helicopters in the world. This is the AH-64A

480px-Ah-64 ground with weapons

The Apache is heavily armed, with up to 16 AGM-114 Hellfire missiles

Boeing ah64d longbow

The AH-64D Apache Longbow, its Longbow radar can read a battlefield faster than a reader can read this caption

AH-64D DVD-1098-2 375x300

The AH-64D still has all the armament options of the AH-64A (Image: Boeing Company)

767px-AH-64D Apache Longbow

The AH-64D can fly without radar. One Longbow Apache can provide information for three non-radar AH-64Ds

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The AH-1 Cobra is the first attack helicopter. It served in Vietnam, but is on the way out of service.

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Head on, the Cobra presents a tiny target to the enemy

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Cobras allowed the US Army to develop attack helicopter tactics. Here the hunter-killer team of Cobra and Kiowa is being tested.

Transport HelicoptersEdit

  • UH-1 Iroquois (Reserve/National Guard)
    • UH-1H Iroquois
    • UH-1V Iroquois
  • UH-60 Black Hawk
    • UH-60A Black Hawk
    • UH-60L Black Hawk
    • UH-60M Black Hawk
    • UH-60Q Black Hawk
    • HH-60L
    • MH-60A Black Hawk
    • MH-60K Black Hawk
    • MH-60L Direct Action Penetrator (DAP)
    • EH-60L Black Hawk
  • CH-47 Chinook
    • CH-47D Chinook
    • MH-47D Chinook
    • MH-47E Chinook
    • CH-47F Chinook
    • MH-47G Chinook

UH-1H Iroquois, the Huey has over fifty years of service

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The UH-1 will be forever associated with the Vietnam War

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Although designed unarmed, the UH-1 can carry weapons, and this is a standard gunship package

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The Huey has saved tens of thousands of lives in the medevac role


The UH-60 Black Hawk is the US Army's standard assault transport. The H-60 family serves with all US Armed Services as the standard medium helicopter


The External Stores Support System allows the UH-60 to carry extra fuel or weapons. An ESSS equipped Black Hawk can cross the Atlantic. It can also carry as many Hellfire missiles as an Apache.


The UH-60 can be deployed by a C-5 Galaxy

Uh-60 transport

The external hook allows the carriage of heavy loads such as this M1097 Avenger


The UH-60Q is a specialised medevac helicopter, offering greater speed and capacity than the Huey

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A CH-47D Chinook carries an M777 artillery piece. CH-47s provide great mobility to the artillery of an airborne or airmobile unit

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MH-47 Chinook, intended for special operations support, and equivalent in capability to the MH-53 of the Air Force

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The new CH-47F hauling an HMMWV. A very easy task.

Fixed Wing AircraftEdit

  • OV-1D Mohawk
  • RV-1D Mohawk
  • RC-7B ARLM
  • UV-18 Twin Otter
  • UV-20 Turbo Porter
  • RC-12 Guardrail
  • RC-12 Aerial Common Sensor
  • MC-12W Liberty
  • C-31 Troopship (US Army Parachute Team)
  • C-23 Sherpa
  • C-12 Huron
  • C-20 Gulfstream
  • C-26 Metroliner
  • C-37 Gulfstream

OV-1D Mohawk

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RV-1D ELINT aircraft

Beechcraft RC-12N Huron in flight

RC-12 ELINT aircraft. Such aircraft are rumoured to have played a part in the killing of Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar




MC-12W intelligence aircraft. The Army has disclosed little about this aircraft


The boxy C-23 Sherpa, from Northern Ireland


The ubiquitous C-12 Huron


The C-37 Gulfstream, used by the most senior US Army officials, including the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff

Special AircraftEdit

  • Aerospatiale Puma (OPFOR)
  • A129 Mangusta (OPFOR)

Unmanned Aerial VehiclesEdit

  • MQ-1C Grey Eagle
  • RQ-7 Shadow
  • RQ-11 Raven

The MQ-1C Grey Eagle, used by C4I and Aviation Brigades

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The RQ-7 UAV, used at Brigade level

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The man-launched RQ-11 Raven, used at Battalion level

Support VehiclesEdit

  • HMMWV series
    • M56 Coyote Smoke Generator Carrier
    • M707 HMMWV
    • M966 HMMWV TOW Armored
    • M996 Mini-Ambulance, Armored
    • M997 Maxi-Ambulance, Armored
    • M998 Cargo/Troop
    • M998 HMMWV Avenger
    • M1025 Armament Carrier, Armored
    • M1026 Armament Carrier, Armored W/W
    • M1035 Soft-Top Ambulance
    • M1036 TOW Armored W/W
    • M1037 S-250 Shelter Carrier
    • M1038 Cargo/Troop Carrier W/W
    • M1042 S-250 Shelter Carrier W/W
    • M1043 Armament Carrier, Up-Armored
    • M1044 Armament Carrier, Up-Armored W/W
    • M1045 TOW Up-Armored Armor
    • M1046 TOW Up-Armored Armor W/W
    • M1069 Tractor for M119 105-mm Gun
  • Heavy HMMWV series
    • M1097 Heavy Cargo/Troop
    • M1123 Heavy HMMWV Cargo/Troop Carrier
    • M1109 Heavy Armament Carrier
  • HMMWV Expanded Capacity Vehicle
    • M1113 HMMWV Expanded Capacity Vehicle
    • M1114 HMMWV Up-Armored Armament Carrier
    • M1151 HMMWV Up-Armored Armament Carrier
    • M1123 Heavy
    • M1121 TOW Armored
    • M1145 Up-Armored HMMWV
    • M1152 Up-Armored Capable HMMWV
  • Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) series
    • M1078 standard cargo truck, 2.5 ton capacity
    • M1079 shop van configuration
    • M1081 standard cargo LVAD, 2.5 ton capacity, air-droppable
    • M1083 standard cargo truck, 5 ton payload
    • M1084 standard cargo truck, 5 ton payload, with materiel handling equipment
    • M1085 Long Wheel Base (LWB) truck (extended cargo bed to carry ISO Containers
    • M1086 Long Wheel Base (LWB) truck with materiel handling equipment
    • M1087 Expandable Van
    • M1088 tractor truck
    • M1089 wrecker
    • M1090 dump truck
    • XM1091 fuel/water tanker, 1500 gallons
    • M1093 Standard Cargo Truck, LVAD, 5 ton capacity, air-droppable
    • M1094 dump truck, LVAD, air-droppable
  • Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT) series
    • M977 cargo truck, 10 ton, with material handling equipment
    • M978 fuel truck, 2500 gallon
    • M983 tractor*
    • M984 wrecker
    • M985 cargo truck, 10 ton. with HD material handling equipment
    • M1120 HEMTT Load Handling System (LHS)
    • M1977 HEMTT Common Bridge Transporter (CBT)**
  • Palletized Load System (PLS)
    • M1074 PLS Truck with material handling equipment and 20K winch
    • M1075 PLS Truck w/o material handling equipment
    • M1076 PLS Trailer
  • Heavy Equipment Transport System (HETS)
    • M1070 Tractor
    • M1000 Heavy Equipment Transporter Semi-trailer
  • M1180 Rapidly Emplaced Bridge System (REBS) [9]
  • M3 Amphibious Bridge
  • Improved Ribbon Bridge
  • LARC-V
  • LARC-15
  • LARC-60
  • GKN Aquatrack
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Early model HMMWV armed with an M60


The HMMWV is also used as an ambulance


M1151 Armoured HMMWV

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M1078 FMTV 2.5 ton truck

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M1083 FMTV 5 ton truck

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M977 HEMTT cargo truck

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M978 HEMTT fuel tanker

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M1075 PLS truck

*Often used with the Patriot and Pershing II missiles. Also used by the US Air Force with the MGM-109 GLCM. **Usually found in Combat Engineering Brigades.

Aerial Weapon SystemsEdit

  • AGM-114 Hellfire
  • AIM-92 Stinger
  • Mk 40 FFAR


The US Army's ceremonial dress uniform is a new blue uniform which traces its origins to the US Army uniforms of the Civil War-era. the uniform previously served as the US Army's ceremonial dress uniform. The US Army has used a green service uniform since the 1950s.

The US Army's combat uniform is the M81 Battle Dress Uniform which comes in two versions, a Woodland version for temperate or jungle climates, and a desert version for desert climates. With both, a kepi or beret are the normal headdress in garrison.

US Army Service Uniform
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Battle Dress Uniform

Rank InsigniaEdit


Warrant OfficersEdit

Enlisted MenEdit


Flag of the United States Army