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The Royal Australian Infantry Corps (RA Inf) is the parent corps for all infantry regiments of the Australian Army. Major components of the RA Inf include the various battalions of the Royal Australian Regiment and Army Reserve regiments eg. Royal New South Wales Regiment. The Infantry School is located at Singleton, New South Wales.

The most common unit in the Australian Army is the Infantry Battalion. It is the smallest Australian Army unit capable of independent operations, and it is exceedingly rare for Australia to deploy a smaller group as a task force. Normally, the Infantry Battalion is supported by armour, light armoured reconnaissance, artillery, aviation, and engineering. There are three types of infantry battalion, mechanised infantry, motorised infantry, and light infantry. Mechanised infantry are equipped with heavy vehicles, the primary vehicle being the M113AS3/4. Lighter infantry units normally proceed on foot, though they have Bushmaster IMV's for tactical, and strategic mobility. Airborne infantry are dropped into action by RAAF aircraft. Reserve battalions are all light infantry, and usually use Landrovers for mobility.

The battalions are referred to as part of Regiments, though the Regiment itself is not a tactical organisation. The Australian Army has the following infantry regiments:

  • Royal Australian Regiment (ARA only)
  • Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment (ARA, and ARes)
  • Royal New South Wales Regiment (ARes)
  • Royal Pacific Islands Regiment (ARes)
  • Royal Queensland Regiment (ARes)
  • Royal South Australia Regiment (ARes)
  • Royal Tasmania Regiment (ARes)
  • Royal Victoria Regiment (ARes)
  • Royal Western Australia Regiment (ARes)

The Royal Australian Regiment was raised in 1948 to take part in the occupation of Japan after the Second World War. It was formed from personnel from Second AIF personnel serving in the South West Pacific. The Regiment subsequently became the basis of the Australian Regular Army. It saw its first combat in the Korean War. It served later in Malaya and Borneo, and after an expansion in the 1960s with National Service it served in Vietnam. The Royal Australian Regiment has performed peacekeeping duties in troublespots, and has performed public duties in Buckingham Palace as the Queen's Guard. All Australian regular infantry recruited outside New Zealand. The Royal Australian regiment has ten regular battalions.

The Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment was the basis of the New Zealand Army. It was formed in 1947. Like the RAR, it has served in Malaya, Borneo, and Vietnam. Today, the RNZIR is the regiment of all Australian Army infantry recruited in New Zealand. It has two regular and two reserve battalions.

List of Infantry BattalionsEdit

Australian Regular ArmyEdit

Mechanised InfantryEdit

  • 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
  • 7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment

Motorised InfantryEdit

  • 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
  • 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
  • 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
  • 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
  • 9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
  • 10th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
  • 1st Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
  • 3rd Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment

Light/Airborne InfantryEdit

  • 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (Airborne)
  • 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment

Army ReserveEdit

  • New South Wales
    • 1st/19th Battalion, Royal New South Wales Regiment
    • 2nd/17th Battalion, Royal New South Wales Regiment
    • 4th/3rd Battalion, Royal New South Wales Regiment
    • 41st Battalion, Royal New South Wales Regiment
  • Queensland
    • 9th Battalion, Royal Queensland Regiment
    • 25th/49th Battalion, Royal Queensland Regiment
    • 31st Battalion, Royal Queensland Regiment
    • 42nd Battalion, Royal Queensland Regiment
  • South Australia
    • 10th/27th Battalion, Royal South Australia Regiment
  • Tasmania
    • 12th/40th Battalion, Royal Tasmania Regiment
  • Victoria
    • 5th/6th Battalion, Royal Victoria Regiment
    • 8th/7th Battalion, Royal Victoria Regiment
  • Western Australia
    • 11th/28th Battalion, Royal Western Australia Regiment
    • 16th Battalion, Royal Western Australia Regiment
  • New Zealand
    • 2nd Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
    • 4th Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
  • Papua New Guinea
    • 1st Battalion, Royal Pacific Islands Regiment
    • 2nd Battalion, Royal Pacific Islands Regiment

OrganisationEdit

The below organisations are for an Airborne Infantry Battalion. All other infantry battalions are changed by the addition of vehicles. All Australian Infantry Battalions that are not airborne are fully mobile with their own vehicles. Mechanised Infantry use the M113AS3/4, motorised Infantry use the Bushmaster IMV, and light infantry use walk, or use trucks for ground mobility.

Rifle PlatoonEdit

The basic unit is the Infantry Platoon. It consists of three sections and a platoon headquarters.

Infantry SectionEdit

The infantry section consists of two fire teams. Each team consists of 4 men. One team is led by a Corporal (the Section Commander), and the other by a Lance Corporal (the Section 2IC). The infantry section is equipped and manned as follows.

  • Fireteam Bravo
    • Team Leader (CPL) - F88
    • Marksman - F88S with an Elcan sight (he can also carry thermal sights, or an off-angle sight1)
    • Grenadier - F88 GLA
    • Light Support Weapon Operator - F89 Minimi
  • Fireteam Delta
    • Team Leader (LCPL) - F88
    • Marksman - F88S with an Elcan sight (he can also carry thermal sights, or an off-angle sight1)
    • Grenadier - F88 GLA
    • Light Support Weapon Operator - F89 Minimi

1The Off-Axis Viewing Device is a simple, periscopic Australian designed sight. It fits behind any conventional scope, and gives a 50o view angle, and is far superior to video-based installations being simpler, more reliable, and more ergonomic.

Platoon HeadquartersEdit

The HQ Team consists of the Platoon Commander, Platoon Sergeant, Platoon Signaller, and Platoon Medic. Although all teams have at least one short range radio, the HQ Team radio is more capable. Likewise, all teammembers have some first aid training, and a member from each team has more advanced training, but the HQ Team medic is effectively as well trained as a civilian paramedic.

Rifle CompanyEdit

A Rifle Company consists of 3 Rifle Platoons, a Support Section, and a Company Headquarters.

The Support Section consists of ten men organised into two Support Fire Teams. A Support Fire Team consists of a Team Leader, a Machine Gunner and his Number Two equipped with a MAG 58 and tripod, and a Recoilless Rifle Gunner and his Number Two equipped with an 84mm Carl Gustav recoilless rifle. The Number Twos carry ammunition, protect the gunner, and in the case of the machine gunner, carry a spare barrel and tripod.

The Company Headquarters consists of the Company Officer Commanding, his Second in Command, a Company Sergeant Major, and thirteen other ranks.

Infantry BattalionEdit

The Infantry Battalion consists of a Battalion Headquarters, four Rifle Companies, an Administration Company, and a Support Company.

Battalion HeadquartersEdit

The Battalion Headquarters consists of the following personnel:

  • Commanding Officer (CO) (invariably a Lieutenant Colonel or even a full Colonel)
  • Second-in-Command (2IC) (usually a Major or a Lieutenant Colonel if the battalion is commanded by a full Colonel)
  • Adjutant (Captain or Major)
  • Quartermaster
  • Padre
  • Regimental Medical Officer
  • Regimental Administrative Officer
  • Regimental Intelligence Officer
  • Regimental Signals Officer
  • Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant
  • Regimental Sergeant Major (RSM)

A number of other ranks support them.

Administration CompanyEdit

The Administration Company provides various support services to the Battalion.

  • Transport Platoon
  • Quartermasters Platoon
  • Catering Platoon
  • Technical Support Platoon
  • Medical Platoon

Support CompanyEdit

The Support Company provides combat support to the Battalion.

  • Signals Platoon
  • Mortar Platoon
    • 6 F2 81mm Mortars (Light: Manpack/Land Rover, Motorised: ASLAV-M, Mechanised: M125 AS3)
  • Assault Pioneer Platoon
    • Infantry men trained to perform combat engineering tasks.
  • Anti Tank Platoon
    • 9 FGM-148 Javelin launchers or 9 Milan Anti Tank Missile launchers (Light)
    • 6 ASLAV-AT (Motorised)
    • 6 M901 AS3 (Mechanised)
  • DFSW (Direct fire support weapon) Platoon
    • 6 M40 106mm direct fire support recoilless rifles or 6 84mm Carl Gustav Medium Range Anti-Armour Weapon (MRAAW)
  • Machine Gun Platoon
    • 9 MAG 58 General Purpose Machine Guns, 6 M2HB-QCB Heavy Machine Guns, and 6 Mark 19 Automatic Grenade Launchers
  • Assault Pioneer Platoon
    • Infantrymen trained in engineering tasks including creating and breaching obstacles, mining/demining, and constructing defences. 1 Officer, 1 SGT, 26 ORs.
  • Reconnaissance and Surveillance Platoon
    • Scouts and snipers. 1 Officer, 1 SGT, 20 ORs. Military Police with tracking dogs may be attached.

Infantry EquipmentEdit

PistolsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png L9A1 Browning Hi-Power Pistol
  • 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png Heckler und Koch USP Pistol (Special Forces)

RiflesEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png / Ausflag F88 Austeyr Rifle
    • 22px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png / Ausflag F88C Carbine
    • 22px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png / Ausflag F88S Austeyr Rifle
    • 22px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png / Ausflag F88S-A1C Carbine
    • 22px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png / Ausflag F88 GLA Rifle/Grenade Launcher Attachment
    • 22px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png / Ausflag F88T .22 Training Rifle
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M4A5 Carbine (Special Forces)
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png SR-25 Carbine (Special Forces)

Submachine GunsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png Heckler und Koch MP5 Submachine Gun (Special Forces)

Machine gunsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png / Ausflag F89 Minimi Light Machine Gun
    • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png / Ausflag F89C Minimi-Para
  • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png MAG 58 General Purpose Machine Gun
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png M2HB-QCB Heavy Machine Gun

Sniper RiflesEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png SR-98 Sniper Rifle
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png SR-25 Sniper Rifle (Special Forces)
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png AW50F Anti-Material Rifle

Section Support WeaponsEdit

  • Ausflag F1 Fragmentation Hand Grenade
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M18 Claymore mine
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png Remington 870 Shotgun
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M203-PI Grenade Launcher
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png Mk 19 Automatic Grenade Launcher
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png 66 mm Short-Range Anti-Armour Weapon

Battalion Support WeaponsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Sweden.svg.png 84mm M2 Carl Gustav Medium Range Anti-Armour Weapon (MRAAW)
  • 22px-Flag_of_Sweden.svg.png 84mm M3 Carl Gustav Medium Range Anti-Armour Weapon (MRAAW)
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png FGM-148 Javelin
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png Milan Anti Tank Missile (Being replaced with Javelin)
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png / Ausflag F2 81mm Mortar
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M40 106mm direct fire support recoilless rifle

Tactical VehiclesEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M113AS3 Armoured Personnel Carrier
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M113AS4 Stretched Armoured Personnel Carrier
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M901AS3 AT Improved TOW Vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M577AS3 ACV Armoured Command Vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M125AS3 AM Armoured Mortar (F2 81mm Mortar Carrier)
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M579AS4 F Fitter's Vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M806AS4 ARVL Armoured Recovery Vehicle Light
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M113AS4 AA Armoured Ambulance
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M113AS4 ALV Armoured Logistics Vehicle

Infantry Signalling EquipmentEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png Defcon H4855 Soldier Personal Radio
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png AN/PRC-77 Manpack Radio (AN/VRC-53 vehicular version)
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png / Ausflag Raven Radio System (Manpack/Vehicle)

GalleryEdit

BrowningHiPowerPistol9mm

L9A1 Browning pistol, ADF standard for over 50 years

F88A2

F88 Austeyr, the ADF's standard rifle

F88S A1C

F88A1C carbine, used by armoured vehicle crews and anyone else working in confined spaces

M4m203 afmil

The M4 carbine, preferred weapon of the Commandos and the SASR

400px-MP5A3 StockCollapsed

MP5 submachine gun, favoured by Tactical Assault Groups

Minimi

F89 Minimi Light Machine Gun

FN MAG

MAG-58 General Purpose Machine Gun

Browning m2hb-2

M2HB-QCB, the classic 'Fifty Cal'

SR98

The British-designed SR98 sniper rifle

AW50F

The AI AW50F anti-material rifle, which uses the Raufoss high explosive round

F88 GLA

The M203 grenade launcher is fitted to the F88 rifle providing a light high explosive to the infantry

20grenade lo

F1 Fragmentation Grenade

US M18a1 claymore mine

M18 Claymore mine

USAF M72 LAW

The F1 SRAAW provides a light anti-armour capability for individual diggers

Carl Gustaf. recoilless.rifle

The venerable 84mm Carl Gustav recoilless rifle

Mortar in use 02

F2 mortars in action in Afghanistan

410px-81mmMORT L16

An F2 mortar ready to fire

M40 Recoilless Rifle

The M40 is still used as a direct fire support weapon by the infantry

M113A1 aussie 106mm 02

The recoilless rifle can also be mounted on the M113 APC for mobility

20100512adf8262658 053 lo

M113AS4 stretched armoured personnel carrier

M113AS4APCmovingthroughthescrubonPu

M113AS4 moving through the scrub

DSC 0002

M113AS4, the Tenix turret is prominent

800px-Bushmaster AWM 21-11-09

Bushmaster IMV, an Australian-designed armoured personnel carrier

6-Bushmaster

The Bushmaster is a highly mobile vehicle

InsigniaEdit

These are the cap badges of Australian Infantry.

180px-Rainf
Royal Australian Infantry Corps

Royal Aus Regt

Royal Australian Regiment

200px-RNZIRCapBadge

Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment

RPIR

Royal Pacific Islands Regiment

200px-Rnswr badge

Royal New South Wales Regiment

Royal Queensland Regiment

Royal Queensland Regiment

220px-Rsar

Royal South Australia Regiment

200px-Royal Tasmania Regiment cap badge

Royal Tasmania Regiment

RVR cap badge

Royal Victoria Regiment

200px-RWAR regiment badge

Royal Western Australia Regiment

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