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Canada

800px-Flag of Canada.svg 85px-Coat_of_arms_of_Canada.svg.png
Flag Coat of Arms

Anthem: O Canada
Royal Anthem: God Save The Queen!

220px-Canada_(orthographic_projection).svg.png

Capital

Largest city
Ottawa

Toronto

Official languages English, French

Government
 - Monarch
 - Prime Minister
Constitutional Monarchy
Queen Elizabeth II
Chris Marshall

Establishment
 - British North America Acts
 - Statute of Westminster
 - Canada Act

July 1, 1867
December 11, 1931
17 April 1950

Area
 - Total


10,026,629 km2
3,861,433 sq mi

Population
 - 2010 census

44,592,607

GDP
 - Total
 - Per capita
2006 estimate
$2.53 trillion
$45570

Gini 34 (medium)

HDI 0.888 (high)

Currency Canadian Dollar (CAD)

Time zone
- Summer (DST)
UTC−3.5 to −8
(UTC−2.5 to −7)

Internet TLD .ca

Calling code +1

List of post-war Canadian Prime MinistersEdit

Name Party Term Riding Remarks
William Lyon Mackenzie King Liberal Party 23 October 1935 - 15 November 1948 Prince Albert, SK (to 1945)
Glengarry, ON (from 1945)
Canada's war leader
Louis St. Laurent Liberal Party 15 November 1948 - 21 June 1957 Québec-Est, QC Invited King George VI to reign in Canada
John Diefenbaker Progressive Conservative Party 21 June 1957 - 20 April 1968 Prince Albert, SK Initiated Canadian participation in the Vietnam War
Pierre Trudeau Liberal Party 20 April 1968 - 8 July 1974 Mont-Royal, QC Opened direct Canada-EEC relations
Robert Stanfield Progressive Conservative Party 8 July 1974 - 4 June 1979 Georgetown, NS First Falklands War
Pierre Trudeau Liberal Party 4 June 1979 - 29 June 1984 Mont-Royal, QC Fourth non-consecutive Premiership in Canadian history, lost in a landslide
Brian Mulroney Progressive Conservative Party 29 June 1984 - 2 June 1997 Manicouagan, QC (to 1988)
Charlevoix, QC (from 1988)
Second Falklands War
Kim Campbell Progressive Conservative Party 2 June 1997 - 27 November 2000 Vancouver Centre, BC Only female Prime Minister of Canada
Jean Chrétien Liberal Party 27 November 2000 - 11 December 2003 Saint-Maurice, QC Creation of Nunavut territory
Paul Martin Liberal Party 11 December 2003 - 5 February 2006 LaSalle—Émard, QC Rejection of US Anti-Missile Agreement
Chris Marshall Conservative Party 5 February 2006 - Notre-Dame-de-Grâce—Lachine, QC Incumbent

Provinces and Territories of CanadaEdit

Provinces of CanadaEdit

During the 1950s Canada gained de facto control of virtually all of Britain's territories in the Americas, which were administered as territories. Most of these territories elected to become independent, and this was granted one territory at a time, with the last territory (Saint Kitts and Nevis) gaining independence in 1983. Canada has an "Association" with the Cayman Islands, Montserrat, the Turks and Caicos Islands, and the Virgin Islands. These territories are basically independent, but Canada handles their foreign and defence affairs. The Canadian Forces are permanently deployed to some parts of the Caribbean.

Province Abbreviation Population Area Capital
Ontario ON 16,167,894 1,076,395 Toronto
Quebec QC 9,886,108 1,542,056 Ville de Québec
British Columbia BC 5,510,858 944,735 Victoria
Alberta AB 5,524,832 661,848 Edmonton
Manitoba MB 2,632,654 647,797 Winnipeg
Saskatchewan SK 2,041,729 651,036 Regina
Nova Scotia NS 1,040,482 55,284 Halifax
New Brunswick NB 921,273 72,908 Fredericton
Newfoundland and Labrador NL 580,901 405,212 St. John's
Prince Edward Island PE 171,551 5,660 Charlottetown

Territories of CanadaEdit

Territory Abbreviation Population Area Capital
Northwest Territories NT 43,539 1,346,106 Yellowknife
Yukon YT 34,746 482,443 Whitehorse
Nunavut NU 32,900 2,093,190 Iqaluit
Falkland Islands FI 3,140 12,173 Stanley

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