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Australian Army

Ausflag
The Australian National Flag

Founded 1 January 1901
Country Australia
Branch Army
Part of Australian Defence Force
Army Headquarters Canberra
Size Approximately 45,000 regular personnel
Commanders
Chief of the General Staff Lieutenant General David Morrison, AO
Deputy Chief of the General Staff Major General Paul Symon, AO
Land Commander Australia Major General Jeffrey Sengleman
Insignia
Army Badge Australian Army Emblem
Combat equipment
Tanks M1A1 AIM Abrams
Reconnaissance vehicles ASLAV
APCs ASLAV-PC, M113AS3, M113AS4, M113A1, Bushmaster
Artillery M198, L119, HIMARS, M2A2
Air Defence FIM-92, RBS-70, SL-AMRAAM
Small Arms
Rifle F88 Austeyr
Machine guns F89 Minimi, MAG 58, M2 QCHB HMG
Pistols L9A1 Browning
Aircraft flown
Attack Helicopter Tiger ARH
Transport Helicopter S-70A-9 Black Hawk, S-70A-44 Black Hawk, CH-47D Chinook
Reconnaissance CA-32 Kiowa, PC-6 Turbo Porter
Utility UH-1H Iroquois

The Australian Army is Australia's military land force. It is part of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) along with the Royal Australian Navy and the Royal Australian Air Force. The Army is commanded by the Chief of the General Staff (CGS), who is responsible to the Chief of the Defence Force Staff (CDS). The current Chief of the General Staff is Lieutenant General David Morrison, AO.

Australian soldiers have been involved in a number of minor and major conflicts throughout its history, but only in World War II did Australian territory come under direct attack.

MissionEdit

Australian Government websites state that the Army's mission is to provide a potent, versatile and modern Army to promote the security of Australia and protect its people and interests. Further, the Army's key doctrine publication, The Fundamentals of Land Warfare, states that "the Army's mission is to win the land battle".

OrgansationEdit

Regular ForcesEdit

Austinf

Australian soldiers on patrol

The Regular element of the Australian Army is called the Australian Regular Army. The Australian Army consists of a number of Brigades, each of which has different roles. The Brigades are based around infantry battalions. To the infantry battalions are added armour, cavalry, artillery, aviation, engineers, signals, and combat support elements make up complete land forces suited to any operations in support of Australian national objectives. Aviation is held in a single brigade and deployed as required to other brigades for training and operational missions.

  • 1 Brigade (Mechanised Brigade)
    • 1st Armoured Regiment (Armoured Regiment, M1A1 Abrams)
    • 2nd Cavalry Regiment (Formation Reconnaissance Regiment, ASLAV)
    • 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
    • 7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
    • 8th/12th Medium Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • 5th Air Defence (Mechanised) Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • 1st Combat Engineer Regiment
    • 1st Combat Signal Regiment
    • 1st Combat Support Regiment
  • 2 Brigade (Motorised Brigade, equipped with Bushmaster IMV)
    • 2nd/14th Light Horse Regiment (Formation Reconnaissance Regiment, ASLAV)
    • 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
    • 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
    • 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
    • 1st Field Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • 11th Air Defence Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • 2nd Combat Engineer Regiment
    • 2nd Combat Signal Regiment
    • 4th Combat Service Support Battalion
  • 3 Brigade (Motorised Brigade, equipped with Bushmaster IMV)
    • 3rd/4th Cavalry Regiment (Formation Reconnaissance Regiment, ASLAV)
    • 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
    • 9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
    • 10th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
    • 14th Field Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • 9th Air Defence Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • 3rd Combat Engineer Regiment
    • 3rd Combat Signal Regiment
    • 5th Combat Service Support Battalion
  • 4 Brigade (Light Infantry Brigade)
    • V Squadron, 3rd/4th Cavalry Regiment, Armoured Personnel Carrier Squadron (Bushmaster IMV)
    • 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (Airborne)
    • 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
    • 4th Field Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • 16th Air Defence Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • 4th Combat Engineer Regiment
    • 4th Combat Signal Regiment
    • 6th Combat Service Support Battalion
  • 5 (NZ) Brigade (Motorised Brigade, equipped with Bushmaster IMV)
    • Queen Alexandra's Mounted Rifles, Formation Reconnaissance Regiment (ASLAV)
    • 1st Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
    • 3rd Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
    • 16th Field Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery
    • 5th Air Defence Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery
    • 5th Combat Engineer Regiment
    • 5th Combat Signal Regiment
    • 7th Combat Service Support Battalion
  • 14 Brigade (Combat Support and Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance)
    • 6 Engineer Support Regiment
    • 1st Ground Liaison Group
    • 1st Intelligence Battalion
    • 2/30th Training Group
    • 7th Signal Regiment
    • 19th Chief Engineer Works
    • 20th Surveillance and Target Acquisition Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • 51st Battalion, Far North Queensland Regiment
    • NORFORCE
    • Pilbara Regiment
  • 15 Combat Service Support Brigade
    • 2nd Force Support Battalion
    • 9th Force Support Battalion
    • 10th Force Support Battalion
    • 1st Health Support Battalion
    • 2nd Health Support Battalion
    • 3rd Health Support Battalion
    • 1st Psychology Unit
    • 39th (Personnel Support) Battalion
    • 17th Signals Regiment
  • 16 (Aviation) Brigade
    • 1st Aviation Regiment (attack helicopter regiment, 3 Tiger ARH SQN)
    • 2nd Aviation Regiment (medium transport helicopter regiment, 1 CH-47D SQN, 3 S-70A-9 SQN)
    • 4th Aviation Regiment (training regiment)
      • Australian Defence Force Helicopter School (AS.350B)
      • School of Army Aviation (CA-32, Turbo Porter, UH-1H)
    • 5th Aviation Regiment (assault transport helicopter regiment, 1 S-70A-9 SQN, 2 S-70A-44 SQN)
    • 6th Aviation Regiment (light aircraft regiment, 1 Beech King Air SQN, 1 Nomad SQN, 3 Turbo Porter SQN)
    • 7th Aviation Regiment (transport helicopter regiment, 3 UH-1H SQN)
    • 8th Aviation Regiment (reconnaissance helicopter regiment, 3 CA-32 SQN)

Special ForcesEdit

Special Forces are controlled by Australian Special Operations Command. The special forces units of the Australian Army consist of units of special operators (either Commando or SAS), and support units from other corps.

  • Australian Special Air Service Regiment
  • Special Air Service of New Zealand
  • 2nd Commando Regiment (regular)
  • 1st Commando Regiment (reserve)
  • Incident Response Regiment
    • Special response unit for nuclear, biological, chemical and radiological hazards, and explosive hazards.
  • 152 Signal Squadron
  • 126 Commando Signal Squadron
  • 301 Signal Squadron (Reserve)
  • Special Operations Logistics Squadron
  • Special Forces Training Centre

Regional Force Surveillance UnitsEdit

Norforce

Aboriginal soldiers from NORFORCE on operations

The Regional Force Surveillance Units (RFSUs) are specialised units of the Australian Army responsible for patrolling northern Australia. The RFSUs regularly conduct operational patrols during peacetime, and the reservists who make up 90% of the RFSUs personnel carry out most of their training during these patrols.

  • North-West Mobile Force (NORFORCE) (responsible for the Northern Territory and Kimberley region of Western Australia)
  • The Pilbara Regiment (responsible for the Pilbara region of Western Australia)
  • 51st Battalion, Far North Queensland Regiment (responsible for North Queensland)

Army ReserveEdit

Army Reserve which is sometimes abbreviated to ARes is a collective name for the reserve units of the Australian Army. Australian Reservists have a comparatively high level of commitment, with an expected obligation of up to 4 nights and 2 full days per month, alongside a two week annual course. Since September of 2006, reservist salaries have been streamlined with those of regular forces as a reflection of overall higher standard of training. This initiative shows that in recent decades, there are now many positions for which there is little training gap at all between Reservists and Permanent Force members.

Reserve BrigadesEdit

  • 6 (Victoria) Brigade
    • 5th/6th Battalion, Royal Victoria Regiment
    • 8th/7th Battalion, Royal Victoria Regiment
    • 4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse
    • 2/10th Medium Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • 19th Air Defence Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • Melbourne University Regiment
    • Monash University Regiment
    • 108th Signals Squadron
    • 6th Combat Engineer Regiment, Royal Australian Engineers
    • 6th Combat Service Support Battalion
    • 22nd Construction Regiment, Royal Australian Engineers
  • 7 (New South Wales) Brigade
    • 1st/19th Battalion, Royal New South Wales Regiment
    • 2nd/17th Battalion, Royal New South Wales Regiment
    • 1st/15th Royal New South Wales Lancers
    • 23rd Field Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • 24th Air Defence Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • Sydney University Regiment
    • University of New South Wales Regiment
    • 7th Combat Engineer Regiment
    • 21st Construction Regiment (located at Holsworthy Barracks)
    • 142nd Signals Squadron
    • 7th Combat Service Support Battalion
  • 8 (Northern New South Wales) Brigade
    • 4th/3rd Battalion, Royal New South Wales Regiment
    • 41st Battalion, Royal New South Wales Regiment
    • 12th/16th Hunter River Lancers
    • 7th Field Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • 8th Combat Engineer Regiment
    • 155th Signals Squadron
    • 8th Combat Service Support Battalion
  • 9 (SA, Tasmana) Brigade
    • 10th/27th Battalion, Royal South Australia Regiment
    • 12th/40th Battalion, Royal Tasmania Regiment
    • 3rd/9th South Australia Mounted Rifles
    • 3rd Field Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • Adelaide Universities Regiment
    • 3rd Field Squadron, Royal Australian Engineers
    • 144th Signals Squadron
    • 9th Combat Service Support Battalion
  • 10 (Queensland) Brigade
    • 9th Battalion, Royal Queensland Regiment
    • 25th/49th Battalion, Royal Queensland Regiment
    • 31st/42nd Battalion, Royal Queensland Regiment
    • 6/13th Field Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
    • Queensland University Regiment
    • 11th Combat Services Support Battalion
    • 141st Signals Squadron
    • 35th Field Squadron, Royal Australian Engineers
  • 11 (WA) Brigade
    • 11th/28th Battalion, Royal Western Australia Regiment
    • 16th Battalion, Royal Western Australia Regiment
    • 10th Light Horse
    • Western Australia University Regiment
    • 11st Combat Services Support Battalion
    • 109th Signals Squadron
    • 13th Field Squadron, Royal Australian Engineers
  • 12 (Pacific) Brigade
    • 2nd Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
    • 4th Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Battalion, Royal Pacific Islands Regiment
    • 2nd Battalion, Royal Pacific Islands Regiment
    • Waikato Mounted Rifles
    • Auckland University Regiment
    • Massey University Regiment
    • Papua New Guinea University Regiment
    • 11th Composite Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery
    • 18th Field Squadron, Royal Australian Engineers
    • 12th Combat Services Support Battalion
    • 114th Signals Squadron

CorpsEdit

Corps act as parents for the various regiments, and battalions in the Australian Army, as well as the 'home' for personnel. For example, an M88A2 Armoured Recovery Vehicle will form part of an armoured unit under the Royal Australian Armoured Corps, but the crew will be drawn from the Royal Australian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.

Corps are also responsible for training and developing doctrine for relevant units, the Royal Australian Infantrry Corp for example runs Infantry Training Courses.

  • Royal Australian Armoured Corps
  • Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery
  • Australian Army Aviation
  • Royal Australian Engineers
  • Royal Australian Corps of Signals
  • Royal Australian Infantry Corps
  • Australian Army Band Corps
  • Australian Army Intelligence Corps
  • Royal Australian Corps of Transport
  • Australian Army Catering Corps
  • Royal Australian Army Medical Corps
  • Australian Army Psychology Corps
  • Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps
  • Royal Australian Army Dental Corps
  • Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps
  • Royal Australian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
  • Royal Australian Corps of Military Police
  • Royal Australian Army Pay Corps
  • Australian Army Legal Corps
  • Royal Australian Army Education Corps
  • Royal Australian Chaplains Department
  • Royal Australian Survey Corps
  • Australian Army Public Relations Service
  • Corps of Staff Cadets

EquipmentEdit

Small ArmsEdit

PistolsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png L9A1 Browning Hi-Power Pistol
  • 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png Heckler und Koch USP Pistol (Special Forces)

RiflesEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png / Ausflag F88 Austeyr Rifle
    • 22px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png / Ausflag F88C Carbine
    • 22px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png / Ausflag F88S Austeyr Rifle
    • 22px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png / Ausflag F88S-A1C Carbine
    • 22px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png / Ausflag F88 GLA Rifle/Grenade Launcher Attachment
    • 22px-Flag_of_Austria.svg.png / Ausflag F88T .22 Training Rifle
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M4A5 Carbine (Special Forces)
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png SR-25 Carbine (Special Forces)
  • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png / Ausflag L1A1 SLR (Ceremonial)

Submachine GunsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png Heckler und Koch MP5 Submachine Gun (Special Forces)

Machine gunsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png / Ausflag F89 Minimi Light Machine Gun
    • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png / Ausflag F89C Minimi-Para
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png / Ausflag L4A1 BREN 7.62mm Light Machine Gun
  • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png MAG 58 General Purpose Machine Gun
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png M2HB-QCB Heavy Machine Gun

Sniper RiflesEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png SR-98 Sniper Rifle
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png SR-25 Sniper Rifle (Special Forces)
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png AW50F Anti-Material Rifle

Support WeaponsEdit

  • Ausflag F1 Fragmentation Hand Grenade
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M18 Claymore mine
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png Remington 870 Shotgun
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M203-PI Grenade Launcher
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png Mk 19 Automatic Grenade Launcher
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png 66 mm Short-Range Anti-Armour Weapon
  • 22px-Flag_of_Sweden.svg.png 84mm M2 Carl Gustav Medium Range Anti-Armour Weapon (MRAAW)
  • 22px-Flag_of_Sweden.svg.png 84mm M3 Carl Gustav Medium Range Anti-Armour Weapon (MRAAW)
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png FGM-148 Javelin
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png Milan Anti Tank Missile (Being replaced with Javelin)
BrowningHiPowerPistol9mm

L9A1 Browning pistol, ADF standard for over 50 years

F88A2

F88 Austeyr, the ADF's standard rifle

F88S A1C

F88A1C carbine, used by armoured vehicle crews and anyone else working in confined spaces

M4m203 afmil

The M4 carbine, preferred weapon of the Commandos and the SASR

400px-MP5A3 StockCollapsed

MP5 submachine gun, favoured by Tactical Assault Groups

Minimi

F89 Minimi Light Machine Gun

FN MAG

MAG-58 General Purpose Machine Gun

Browning m2hb-2

M2HB-QCB, the classic 'Fifty Cal'

SR98

The British-designed SR98 sniper rifle

AW50F

The AI AW50F anti-material rifle, which uses the Raufoss high explosive round

F88 GLA

The M203 grenade launcher is fitted to the F88 rifle providing a light high explosive to the infantry

20grenade lo

F1 Fragmentation Grenade

US M18a1 claymore mine

M18 Claymore mine

USAF M72 LAW

The F1 SRAAW provides a light anti-armour capability for individual diggers

Carl Gustaf. recoilless.rifle

The venerable 84mm Carl Gustav recoilless rifle

Armoured VehiclesEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M1A1 AIM Abrams Main Battle Tank
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M104 Wolverine Heavy Assault Bridge
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M88A2 Hercules Armoured Recovery Vehicle
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M113AS3 Armoured Personnel Carrier
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M113AS4 Stretched Armoured Personnel Carrier
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M901AS3 AT Improved TOW Vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M577AS3 ACV Armoured Command Vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M125AS3 AM Armoured Mortar (F2 81mm Mortar Carrier)
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M579AS4 F Fitter's Vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M806AS4 ARVL Armoured Recovery Vehicle Light
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M113AS4 AA Armoured Ambulance
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag M113AS4 ALV Armoured Logistics Vehicle
  • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ASLAV
    • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ASLAV-25 (Reconnaissance)
    • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ASLAV-AT (Anti-Tank)
    • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ASLAV-AD (Air Defence)
    • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ASLAV-M (F2 81mm Mortar Carrier)
    • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ASLAV-PC (Personnel Carrier)
    • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ASLAV-S (Surveillance)
    • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ASLAV-A (Ambulance)
    • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ASLAV-C (Command)
    • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ASLAV-CS (Combat Support)
    • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ASLAV-F (Fitter)
    • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ASLAV-R (Recovery)
  • Ausflag Bushmaster
    • Ausflag Bushmaster Infantry Mobility Vehicle
    • Ausflag Bushmaster Command Vehicle
    • Ausflag Bushmaster Assault Pioneer variant
    • Ausflag Bushmaster Mortar Carrer
    • Ausflag Bushmaster Direct Fire Support Vehicle
    • Ausflag Bushmaster Ambulance
    • Ausflag Bushmaster Armoured Combat Support Vehicle
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M1A1 AIM Abrams main battle tank in the distinctive Australian Army camouflage

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M1A1 Abrams with a Tiger ARH helicopter

Darwin Salute M1A1

An Abrams salutes. The tank is in the early overall tan US Army colours

Hercules-01

The M88A2 Hercules recovery vehicle with its boom raised

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M113AS4 stretched armoured personnel carrier

M113AS4APCmovingthroughthescrubonPu

M113AS4 moving through the scrub

DSC 0002

M113AS4, the Tenix turret is prominent

02M113AS4AFcrossingacreekonHighRang

The M579AS4 Fitters Vehicle showing the great cross country mobility of the M113AS4 series.

Aslav-6

ASLAV-25 reconnaissance vehicle

Aslav 25

ASLAV-25 charging through the bush

ASLAV-AD

ASLAV-AD air defence vehicle, with 8 Stingers at the ready

Aslav-2

ASLAV-PC armoured personnel carrier for Cavalry units

Aslava1 1

ASLAV Ambulance, for four patients

800px-Bushmaster AWM 21-11-09

Bushmaster IMV, an Australian-designed armoured personnel carrier

6-Bushmaster

The Bushmaster is a highly mobile vehicle

Reserve EquipmentEdit

Reservists use normal Army vehicles with the following exceptions:

  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M113A1 Armoured Personnel Carrier
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M113A1 Light Reconnaissance Vehicle (standard M113A1 with Cadillac Gage T50 turret, most common variant, used as an APC)
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png M113A1 Medium Reconnaissance Vehicle (M113A1 with Scorpion Turret)
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M901A1 Improved TOW Vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M125A1 81mm Mortar Carrier
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M577A1 Command Vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M548A1 "Tilly" (Tracked Load Carrier)
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M579 Fitters Vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M806 Recovery Vehicle

ArtilleryEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png / Ausflag F2 81mm Mortar
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M40 106mm direct fire support recoilless rifle
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png / Ausflag L119 Hamel 105mm Light Gun
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M2A2 105mm howitzer (Reserve)
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M198 155mm howitzer
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png AN/TPQ-36 Firefinder weapon locating radar
Mortar in use 02

F2 mortars in action in Afghanistan

410px-81mmMORT L16

An F2 mortar ready to fire

M40 Recoilless Rifle

The M40 is still used as a direct fire support weapon by the infantry

M113A1 aussie 106mm 02

The recoilless rifle can also be mounted on the M113 APC for mobility

20070822adf8246638 067 lo

The L119 Hamel gun in action

Hamel3

The Hamel gun is easily transported by the S-70A-9 helicopter (and also the Unimog truck)

21

The M198 medium howitzer ready for action

8-12 Med Regt (USMC)

M198s firing

13-radar

This Firefinder radar enables Australian artillery to find enemy artillery

Surface to Air MissilesEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png FIM-92 Stinger (ASLAV-AD)
  • 22px-Flag_of_Sweden.svg.png RBS-70
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png AIM-120 AMRAAM
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_Norway.svg.png NASAMS (Norwegian Advanced SAM System)
    • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag HUMRAAM (HMMWV Launched AMRAAM, Australian version has 5 missiles on a Right Hand Drive HMMWV made in Australia by GM Holden under license from AM General, used to provide medium range air defence to Airborne units)
20080609raaf8208246 0053

An RBS-70 team poised for action

RBS-70 Saab anti-aircraft sol air defense missile system Australia Australian army 001

RBS-70 missile clearing the launch tube

ORD SAM RBS-70 Australia Naval lg

The RBS-70 has also been used to provide a rudimentary air defence capability to otherwise unarmed warships

Nasams

NASAMS towed launcher with 6 AIM-120 AMRAAMs ready

ORD SAM SLAMRAAM NASAMS Launch lg

An AIM-120 leaves the NASAMS launcher

M02006112500117

The HUMRAAM launcher firing an AIM-120

AircraftEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Europe.svg.png / Ausflag Eurocopter Tiger ARH
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png Boeing CH-47D Chinook
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png Boeing CH-47F Chinook
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag HdH/Sikorsky S-70A-9 Black Hawk
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag HdH/Sikorsky S-70A-44 Black Hawk
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png Bell UH-1H Iroquois
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / Ausflag CAC CA-32 Kiowa
  • 20px-Flag_of_Switzerland.svg.png Pilatus PC-6 Turbo Porter
  • Ausflag Gippsland Aeronautics Nomad
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png Beech King Air 350
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Eurocopter AS 350BA Squirrel
Helici 4

The Eurocopter Tiger ARH, Australia's first attack helicopter

1195000

A side view of the Tiger

0913343

CH-47D Chinook, the Chinook was first used by the RAAF

0181228

A CH-47 Chinook carrying an M198 howitzer. Though it is not shown, it could easily carry the crew and a good quantity of ammunition

1161684

The S-70A-9 Black Hawk, Australia's version of the American UH-60 Black Hawk

1196138

The S-70A-44 Black Hawk is the Australian-made version of the American MH-60S. It is fully marinised. The aircraft is also used by the RAN

1034131

The UH-1H Iroquois, a genuine Vietnam veteran (with 9 SQN RAAF)

0722818

Two UH-1 Bushranger gunships.

0909361

CA-32 Kiowa flying low. Australian Army pilots train to fly at extremely low altitudes

1503131

The Kiowa is used as a scout and liaison helicopter

A14-690

Pilatus Turbo Porter flying under the Sydney Harbour Bridge. This is considered to be high flying

1174244

A new Pilatus Porter. The replacement for the Vietnam-era Porters is new-build Porters

1096219

The Gippsland Aeronautics Nomad. It is used as a light tactical transport and reconnaissance aircraft. It is the only Australian-designed aircraft in the ADF.

1279227

The Nomad had a troubled history, and before 2009 had been out of service for fifteen years.

0676105

Beech King Air, used as a liaison and light cargo aircraft. It is not used on the battlefield

A22 002 Albury 31 10 1993

Eurocopter Squirrel, used as a training helicopter. All ADF helicopter pilots learn on Army Squirrels.

Support Vehicles and WatercraftEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png Yamaha XT 600 motorcycle
  • Ausflag Land Rover Perentie
    • 4x4 variants
      • Truck, Utility
      • Truck, Panel, Survey
      • Truck, Carryall, Senior Commander
      • Truck, Carryall, Personnel Carrier
    • 6x6 variants
      • Truck, Cargo
      • Truck, Ambulance
      • Truck, General Maintenance
      • Truck, Electronic Repair
      • Truck, Long Range Patrol
      • Truck, Air Defence
      • Truck, Crew Cab
  • 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png Mercedes-Benz Unimog U1700L 4x4 4-tonne truck
    • Truck with shelter
    • Medium Recovery Vehicles (MRV)
    • Truck, Long Range Patrol
  • Ausflag Mack RM6866RS 6x6 8-tonne Truck
    • Truck, cargo, heavy
    • Truck, wrecker
    • Heavy Recovery Vehicle
    • Truck, cargo, army tractor/Medium gun
    • Truck, tank, fuel
    • Truck, tank, water
    • Truck, dump, heavy
    • Truck, bridge recovery, heavy
    • Mixer, concrete, truck-mounted
    • Distributor, bituminous substance, tank type, truck-mounted
  • Ausflag Mack Fleetliner
  • Ausflag International SF2670 Heavy Equipment Transporter
  • Ausflag MAN TGA Heavy Equipment Transporter
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png LARC V
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png LCM-8 (Landing Craft Mechanised)
Rover

Australian Army Land Rover

6x6 Perentie1

The 6x6 Land Rover Perentie is unique to Australia

Jra land rover 110 l3

This Long Range Patrol version of the Land Rover is used by the SAS, and has proven highly useful in Afghanistan

Unimog

The Unimog 4 tonne truck is the Australian Army's standard medium truck. It has extremely good cross country performance

420 mog-420x0

A Unimog tows a 105mm Hamel gun through Brisbane's suburbs

Mack mc3

The 8 tonne Mack truck tows the Hamel gun's counterpart, the M198 155mm howitzer

20060609adf8161479 079 lo

A Mack truck drives ashore from a Balikpapan class landing craft

Mack mc3 l5

The Mack truck is used as a bulk liquid carrier, water and fuel

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LARC V on the deck of HMAS Kanimbla. An LCM 8 is also visible

LCM8beachLanding

LCM 8 Landing Craft hitting the shore

Aerial WeaponsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png GIAT 30 30mm cannon
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M134D 7.62mm Minigun
  • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png MAG 58 7.62mm GPMG
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png AGM-114 Hellfire
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png 70mm Hydra 70 Rockets
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png FIM-92 Stinger

Unmanned Aerial VehiclesEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png Boeing ScanEagle
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png Insitu Aerosonde
  • 22px-Flag_of_Israel.svg.png Elbit Systems Skylark

UniformsEdit

Service UniformsEdit

Australian Army service uniforms are generally modelled on British Army uniforms, the main variation being the Slouch Hat.

ArmySD
Australian Army General Duties Service Dress

Combat UniformsEdit

The Australian Army (along with the Royal Australian Navy, and Royal Australian Air Force) wear a distinctive camouflage uniform designed for the Australian environment.

Disruptive Pattern Camouflage UniformEdit

The first uniforms using the disruptive pattern camouflage (called Disruptive Pattern Combat Uniform DPCU) were issued in 1983 for test purposes. In 1986 the final production version was introduced with a number of changes. It is influenced partly by early US Jungle Camouflage patterns, such as "Duck Hunter"/"Frog-Skin". DPCU was developed following aerial photographs of the Australian terrain to determine which colours and patterns would be most suitable for camouflage uniforms.

The five colour pattern consists of a greenish sand coloured background with randomly arranged spots of light brown, red-brown, dark green and medium green overlaid. The standard DPCU works in areas from arid bushland through to tropical jungle all over Australia.

DPCU
Disruptive Pattern Camouflage Uniform. DPCU is the standard working dress of the Army and RAAF in Australia.

Disruptive Pattern Desert UniformEdit

A new DPCU variant designed for desert conditions using different colours and was first tested in 1998 at the Woomera Missile Test Site in South Australia.

2001 1st Issue of DPDU. Mk1 was printed in 3 colors (Brown and Gray on a Tan Background) with 1/3 of the normal Auscam print missing, rushed into issue for Australian special forces.

2002 2nd Issue DPDU. Full Auscam print was used with a full 5 colours. The colours were: Brown, Lime Green, Gray, Very Light Blue (almost Gray) on a Tan Background.

2003 3rd Issue DPDU. This is also in the full Auscam print with 5 colours. These colours are: Brown, Grey, Very Light Blue, Purple on a Yellow Background. The cut was changed in the shirt with the bottom pockets being omitted and placed on the sleeves. This the current type issued to all ADF personnel serving overseas in arid/desert regions.

DPDU
Disruptive Pattern Desert Uniform

Rank InsigniaEdit

Service DressEdit

OfficersEdit

ArmyOfficer

Non-Commissioned Officers and Other RanksEdit

ArmyEnlisted

N.B. Private is replaced with Trooper/Gunner/Signalman/Craftsman/Musician (TPR/GNR/SIG/CFN/MUSN) in the appropriate Corps.

N.B. Field Marshal is an Australian Army rank, however no Australian Army officer has been appointed Field Marshal since Sir Thomas Blamey. The only present holder of the rank is the Duke of Edinburgh. A future appointment to the rank of Field Marshal is not anticipated while the present Queen remains on the throne.

DPCUEdit

OfficersEdit

ArmyOfficerDPCU

Non-Commissioned Officers and Other RanksEdit

ArmyEnlistedDPCU

DPDUEdit

OfficersEdit

ArmyOfficerDPDU

Non-Commissioned Officers and Other RanksEdit

ArmyEnlistedDPDU

Australian Army Cap BadgesEdit

In the Australian Army, cap badges are used to differentiate between the various Corps and Regiments of the Australian Army.

Regimental Cap BadgesEdit

1st armoured regiment

1st Armoured Regiment

QAMR Badge

Queen Alexandra's Mounted Rifles

200px-2nd Cavalry Regiment

2nd Cavalry Regiment

200px-3rd 4th Cavalry Regiment

3rd/4th Cavalry Regiment

200px-2 14qmi

2nd/14th Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry)

RNSWL cap badge

1st/15th Royal New South Wales Lancers

200px-3 19 South Australia Mounted Rifles

3rd/9th Light Horse (South Australian Mounted Rifles)

4-19 Light Horse Cap Badge

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse

150px-10th Light Horse Regiment badge

10th Light Horse Regiment

200px-12th 16th Hunter River Lancers

12th/16th Hunter River Lancers

Raa

Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery (all regiments)

200px-AAAvn

Australian Army Aviation (all regiments)

200px-RAE

Royal Australian Engineers (all regiments)

Royal Aus Regt

Royal Australian Regiment

200px-RNZIRCapBadge

Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment

RPIR

Royal Pacific Islands Regiment

200px-Rnswr badge

Royal New South Wales Regiment

Royal Queensland Regiment

Royal Queensland Regiment

220px-Rsar

Royal South Australia Regiment

200px-Royal Tasmania Regiment cap badge

Royal Tasmania Regiment

RVR cap badge

Royal Victoria Regiment

200px-RWAR regiment badge

Royal Western Australia Regiment

150px-Aus-sasr.svg

Australian Special Air Service Regiment

324px-Uk-sas.svg

New Zealand Special Air Service

AUS2CDO

2nd Commando Regiment

200px-1CdoRegt badge.svg

1st Commando Regiment

150px-NORFORCE cap badge

NORFORCE (North-West Mobile Force)

150px-Pilbara cap badge

Pilbara Regiment

150px-FNQR cap badge

Far North Queensland Regiment

200px-RASIGS

Royal Australian Corps of Signals (all regiments)

180px-Sur badge

Sydney University Regiment

180px-Melb ur

Melbourne University Regiment

180px-QUR unit badge

Queensland University Regiment

Aur t

Adelaide University Regiment

Waur t

Western Australia University Regiment

Unswr t

University of New South Wales Regiment

180px-MonUR Logo

Monash University Regiment

IRR logo imgw150

Incident Response Regiment

Corps Cap BadgesEdit

Rmc

Corps of Staff Cadets

Raac

Royal Australian Armoured Corps

Raa

Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery

200px-RAE

Royal Australian Engineers

200px-RASIGS

Royal Australian Corps of Signals

180px-Rainf

Royal Australian Infantry Corps

200px-AAAvn

Australian Army Aviation

Aabc

Australian Army Band Corps

150px-AAIC

Australian Army Intelligence Corps

180px-Ract

Royal Australian Corps of Transport

Aacc t

Australian Army Catering Corps

Raamc

Royal Australian Army Medical Corps

Aapsych t

Australian Army Psychology Corps

200px-RAANC

Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps

180px-RAADC

Royal Australian Army Dental Corps

200px-RAAOC

Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps

Raeme

Royal Australian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers

180px-Racmp

Royal Australian Corps of Military Police

Raapc t

Royal Australian Army Pay Corps

Aalc t

Australian Army Legal Corps

Raaec t

Royal Australian Army Educational Corps

Raacd c t

Royal Australian Chaplains Department (Christian)

Racd j t

Royal Australian Chaplains Department (Jewish)

Aaprs t

Australian Army Public Relations Service

Risingsun2
Australian Army Rising Sun badge

Historical GalleryEdit

Anzac Beach 4th Bn landing 8am April 25 1915

Gallipoli, April 25, 1915 - the instrumental day in Australia's history

Slick-tank

Centurion tanks with a RAAF UH-1

A1-402, Nui Dat

Bell Sioux at Nui Dat, South Vietnam

Aust soldiers Wewak June 1945

Australian soldiers fight in Papua New Guinea in 1945

1287828353

The Australian designed and made F1 submachine gun, replaced by the F88C

Rw Land Rover MILAN

The MILAN anti-tank missile, mounted on an Australian Land Rover

2-8 Field Regt

Australian artillerymen fire the much-loved 25 Pounder at El Alamein in 1942

Amazing-incredible-dramatic-pitures-images-photos-ww2-second-world-war-two-austrialian-soldier-beheaded-by-japanese

A Japanese soldier about to behead an Australian POW. Australians held by Japan were subjected to extremely inhumane treatment by their captors.

Redeyebw

Australian soldier with an FIM-43 Redeye surface to air missile, now replaced by RBS-70

Vietnam-war-soldiers

Australian troops await extraction by UH-1 helicopters in South Vietnam

AussieFAL

The L1A1 SLR, standard Australian rifle from 1959-1989.

Australian Lewis gunner Magdhaba

Australian Lewis Gunner in World War 1 in the Middle East

Rapier Missile Australian Army Forum Army Recognition 002

Rapier surface to air missile

800px-Australian Leopard AS1 tank forest smoke

Leopard AS1 tank on exercise. The Leopards were replaced by the M1A1 Abrams

Vietnam War Australian SASR

Australian SASR troopers in South Vietnam

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The Australian-designed Owen gun

A98-063vungtau66-67

Cessna 180 spotting aircraft

800px-SMLE

The Short Magazine Lee Enfield rifle, known as the "303", Australia's standard rifle from before Federation to 1960

M60 01

The M60 GPMG. Originally the M60 was chosen over the FN MAG 58, later, the M60 was replaced by the MAG 58

M79 afmil

M79 Grenade Launcher, nicknamed the "Wombat Gun"

800px-6 RAR National Servicemen 1966

National Servicemen in the 1960s. Conscription has been a controversial issue for Australia

L5 6

The Italian Oto-Melara L5 105mm Pack Howitzer

M16A1

M-16A1, the Australian Army's first assault rifle. A later version, the M4, serves today. The M-16A1 replaced the Owen gun for combat troops.

M2a2 1

The M2A2 105mm howitzer, a basic Australian artillery piece of the Vietnam era. It is US-made

Ts

The Light Horse in World War I. For the next war, they traded their horses for armoured cars, and now they use ASLAVs. Regardless of the technological change, the Light Horse maintains a reputation for bravery and elan


 
Australian Defence Force
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