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Armée de terre d'Australie
Australian Army
Land Army of Australia

RAustFlag2
The Australian National Flag

Founded 26 January 1908
Country Australia
Branch Army
Part of Forces armées de la République australienne
Army Headquarters Bonaparte
Size Approximately 70,000 personnel
Commanders
Chief of the General Staff Général de corps d'armée
Combat equipment
Tanks Leclerc
Reconnaissance vehicles ERC 90 Sagaie, AML, VBL
APCs AMX-10P, VAB
Artillery CAESAR, TRF1, LG1, HIMARS
Air Defence Crotale, Roland, Aster
Small Arms
Rifle FAMAS, MAS-49
Machine guns FN Minimi, AA-52, M2 QCHB HMG
Pistols PAMAS, FN-Browning GP-35
Aircraft flown
Attack Helicopter Tigre
Transport Helicopter Puma, Caracal
Reconnaissance Gazelle, PC-6 Turbo Porter
Utility Fennec (trainer), TBM 700 (staff transport)

The Armée de terre d'Australie (Australian Army, literally Land Army of Australia) is the land component of the armed forces of the Australian Republic. It is one of the largest armies in the Southern Hemisphere. It is composed of both regular troops and conscripts. Australian soldiers have been involved in many wars throughout the world.

MissionEdit

Australian Government websites state that the Army's mission is to provide a potent, versatile and modern Army to promote the security of Australia and protect its people and interests. Further, the Army's key doctrine publication, The Fundamentals of Land Warfare, states that "the Army's mission is to win the land battle".

StructureEdit

Regular ForcesEdit

Australia's regular forces are composed almost entirely of professional soldiers. They are organised into several brigades. These brigades are designed to operate independently and contain all necessary elements. The Armée de terre d'Australie has the following regular brigades:

  • 1ere Brigade Blindée (1st Armoured Brigade)
    • 1ere Régiment de Chars de Combat (1st Tank Regiment)
    • 1ere Régiment de Dragons (1st Dragoons Regiment)
    • 10e Régiment de Dragons (10th Dragoons Regiment)
    • 15e Régiment de Dragons (15th Dragoons Regiment)
    • 1re Régiment d'Artillerie (1st Artillery Regiment, General Support, 3 Medium Batteries (CAESAR))
    • 5e Régiment du Génie (5th Engineers Regiment)
  • 2e Brigade Légère Blindée (2nd Motorised Brigade)
    • 2e Régiment de Chars de Combat (2nd Tank Regiment)
    • 2e Régiment d'Infanterie (2nd Infantry Regiment)
    • 6e Régiment d'Infanterie (6th Infantry Regiment)
    • 14e Régiment d'Infanterie (14th Infantry Regiment)
    • 2e Régiment d'Artillerie (2nd Artillery Regiment, General Support, 3 Medium Batteries (TRF1))
    • 3e Régiment du Génie (3rd Engineers Regiment)
  • 3e Brigade d’infanterie (3rd Infantry Brigade)
    • 4e Régiment de Cuirassiers (5th Cuirassier Regiment)
    • 3e Régiment de Chasseurs (3rd Light Infantry Regiment)
    • 7e Régiment de Chasseurs (7th Light Infantry Regiment)
    • 8e Régiment de Chasseurs (8th Light Infantry Regiment)
    • 3e Régiment d'Artillerie (2nd Artillery Regiment, General Support, 3 Medium Batteries (TRF1))
    • 1ere Régiment Etranger du Génie (1st Foreign Engineers Regiment)
  • 4e Brigade Parachutiste (4th Airborne Brigade)
    • 1ere Régiment Etranger de Hussards Parachutistes (1st Foreign Airborne Hussars)
    • 1ere Régiment Etranger de Parachutistes d'Infanterie (1st Foreign Airborne Regiment)
    • 9e Régiment de Parachutistes d'Infanterie (9th Airborne Regiment)
    • 4e Régiment d'Artillerie Parachutiste (4th Airborne Artillery Regiment, Composite Battery, 2 Light Batteries (LG1), 1 Rocket Battery (HIMARS))
    • 1ere Régiment du Génie Parachutiste (1st Airborne Engineers Regiment)
  • 5e Brigade d’infanterie (5th Infantry Brigade)
    • 5e Régiment de Cuirassiers (5th Cuirassier Regiment)
    • 5e Régiment de Chasseurs (5th Light Infantry Regiment)
    • 11e Régiment Etranger de Chasseurs (11th Foreign Light Infantry Regiment)
    • 12e Régiment de Chasseurs (12th Light Infantry Regiment)
    • 5e Régiment Etranger d'Artillerie (5th Foreign Artillery Regiment, Close Support: 3 batteries (LG1))
    • 2e Régiment du Génie (2nd Engineers Regiment)
  • Commandement des Opérations Spéciales (Special Operations Command, COS)
    • 1rer Régiment de Parachutistes d'Infanterie de Marine (Reconnaissance)
    • 13e Régiment de Dragons Parachutistes (13th Commando Regiment)
  • Aviation Légère de l’Armée de terre d'Australie (Australian Army Light Aviation)
    • 1ere Régiment d'Hélicoptères de Combat (Attack helicopter regiment: Tigre, Gazelle)
    • 2e Régiment d'Hélicoptères de Combat (Transport helicopter regiment: Puma, Caracal)
    • 3e Régiment d'Hélicoptères de Combat (Transport helicopter regiment: Puma)
    • 4e Régiment d'Hélicoptères de Combat (Reconnaissance helicopter regiment: Gazelle)
    • 5e Régiment d'Hélicoptères de Combat (Light aircraft regiment: PC-6)
    • 6e Régiment d'Hélicoptères de Combat (Training and transport regiment: Fennec, TBM 700)
  • Independent Regiments
    • 6e Régiment d'Artillerie (Short range air defence: 3 batteries Crotale)
    • 7e Régiment d'Artillerie (Short range air defence: 2 batteries Roland)
    • 8e Régiment d'Artillerie (Medium range air defence: 5 detachments Aster)
    • 4e Régiment de Transmissions (Signals Intelligence)
    • 7e Régiment de Transmissions (Electronic Warfare)
    • 9e Régiment d'Artillerie (surveillance/target acquisition)
    • Groupe Géographique (survey)

Australian Foreign LegionEdit

The Légion étrangère Australienne (Australian Foreign Legion) is a military unit intended for foreigners who wish to serve in the Australian armed forces, but under the command of Australian officers. It is closely modeled on the French Foreign Legion and was founded by Foreign Legion officers and Legionnaires. It is an elite within the Armée de terre d'Australie with excellent military skills and an esprit de corps second to none.

They share the French Foreign Legion's motto of "Legio Patria Nostra", and also wear the Kepi blanc and the Béret vert. The Legion is based in Darwin in Australie-Nordique. The Legion recruits Australians only as officers and NCOs seconded from the regular army. The Australian Foreign Legion has in its ranks a large number of Pacific Islanders, East Asians. Africans serve in smaller numbers (most opting for the French Foreign Legion). Americans from all points of the continent serve in large numbers. There has always been a large number of Legionnaires from caucasian Francophone countries such as Belgium, France, and Canada. A portion of these men are Australians who wish to serve as Legionnaires. Women, homosexuals, and convicted felons are not permitted to serve in the Legion.

The Australian Foreign Legion is part of the regular army, and its units are integrated into regular army brigades. A Legionnaire can become an Australian citizen if he serves for three years with Honneur et Fidélité, serves under his real name, and has no troubles with his country's authorities. He can become an Australian citizen under an assumed name is he completes his five year contract with Honneur et Fidélité. He can likewise become an Australian citizen under his real or assumed name if he is wounded in action under a provision known as “Australien par le sang versé” ("Australian by spilled blood").

Foreign Regiments of the Armée de terre d'AustralieEdit

  • 1ere Régiment Etranger de Hussards Parachutistes (1st Foreign Airborne Hussars)
  • 1ere Régiment Etranger de Parachutistes d'Infanterie (1st Foreign Airborne Regiment)
  • 11e Régiment Etranger de Chasseurs (11th Foreign Light Infantry Regiment)
  • 5e Régiment Etranger d'Artillerie (5th Foreign Artillery Regiment)
  • 1ere Régiment Etranger du Génie (1st Foreign Engineers Regiment)

Reserve ForcesEdit

EquipmentEdit

Most Armée de terre d'Australie equipment is of either French manufacture, or French design and Australian manufacture.

Infantry WeaponsEdit

PistolsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png PAMAS 9mm Pistol
  • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png FN-Browning GP-35 9mm Pistol

Submachine GunsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png MAT-49 9mm Submachine Gun (mainly reserve)
  • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png FN P90 5.7mm Submachine Gun (special forces)
  • 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png Heckler & Koch MP5 9mm Submachine Gun
    • 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png Heckler & Koch MP5SD 9mm Suppressed Submachine Gun
    • 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png Heckler & Koch MP5K 9mm Machine Pistol

RiflesEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png FAMAS 5.56mm Assault Rifle
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png MAS-49 7.5mm Semi-Automatic Rifle (DMR)
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png MAS-49/56 7.5mm Semi-Automatic Carbine
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png MAS-36 7.5mm Rifle (Ceremonial use only)
  • 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png Colt Canada C8 5.56mm Carbine (Special Forces)

Sniper RiflesEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png FR F1 7.5mm Sniper Rifle
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png PGM Hecate II 12.7mm Sniper Rifle

Machine GunsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png AA-52 7.5mm General Purpose Machine Gun
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png FM 24/29 7.5mm Light Machine Gun
  • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png FN Minimi Light Machine Gun
    • 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png FN Minimi Para Light Machine Gun
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg.png FN/Browning M2 QCHB 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun

Support WeaponsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Sweden.svg.png ABL (Anti Blindé Léger) 84mm Rocket Launcher
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png LRAC F1 89mm Rocket Launcher
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Wasp 58 58mm recoilless antitank weapon
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png AC58 58mm Anti-Tank Rifle Grenade
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png APAV40 40mm Anti-Personnel Rifle Grenade
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png M203 40mm grenade launcher (mounted on FAMAS)
  • 22px-Flag_of_Italy.svg.png Benelli M4 12 gauge Shotgun

MortarsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png LGI F1 51mm Mortar
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png LLR 81mm Mortar

TanksEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Leclerc Char de Combat (Main Battle Tank)
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Leclerc DNG Dépanneur Nouvelle Génération: Armoured recovery vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Leclerc EPG Engin Principal du Génie: Armoured engineering vehicle
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png AMX-30 Char de Combat (All chars de combat retired in 2007)
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png AMX AuF1 155mm self propelled howitzer
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png AMX-30R Roland surface to air missile launcher
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png AMX-30 EBG Engin blindé de génie
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png AMX-30H Poseur de pont AVLB

Armoured Personnel CarriersEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png AMX-10P Infantry Fighting Vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png AMX-10/HOT Tank Destroyer (HOT anti-tank missile)
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png AMX-10 PC Command Vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png AMX-10 TM Mortar Carrier (120-mm RT-61 mortar)
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé (VAB) series
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VAB VTT: 4x4 APC
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VAB TOP: Upgraded 4x4 APC with M151 Remote Weapon Station
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VAB T-20/13 Fire Support Vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VCAC Mephisto Tank Destroyer (HOT anti-tank missiles)
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VTM 120: Mortar towing vehicle (120-mm RT-61 mortar)
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VPM 81: 81mm mortar carrier
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VAB PC: Command vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VAB SAN: Armoured ambulance
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VAB Génie: Engineering vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VAB Echelon: Maintenance and repair vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VAB VOA: Artillery observation vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VAB RATAC: Radar Artillery target acquisition vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VAB ATLAS: Artillery fire command and control vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VAB SIR: Digital regimental C4ISTAR information system
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VAB Reco: NBC reconnaissance vehicle

Reconnaissance VehiclesEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Panhard ERC 90 Sagaie
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Panhard AML
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Panhard AML 60
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Panhard AML 90
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Panhard Véhicule Blindé Léger (VBL)
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VBL MILAN Tank Destroyer (MILAN anti-tank missiles)
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VBL RECO 12.7
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png VB2L POSTE DE COMMANDEMENT

ArtilleryEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png AMX 30 AuF1 155mm self-propelled howitzer
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png CAESAR 155mm self-propelled howitzer
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png TRF1 155mm howitzer
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png LG1 105mm light howitzer
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png RT-61 120-mm towed mortar
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png HIMARS

Anti-Tank WeaponsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png HOT missile
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png MILAN missile
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png ERYX missile
  • 22px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png AGM-114 Hellfire missile

Air Defence WeaponsEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Europe.svg.png ASTER 30 surface to air missile
    • Sol-Air Moyenne Portée Terrestre
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png Roland surface to air missile
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_Germany.svg.png AMX-30R Roland
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Crotale surface to air missile
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png R440 Crotale
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Crotale NG Towed Unit
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png / 22px-Flag_of_Finland.svg.png Crotale NG on Sisu XA-181
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Mistral surface to air missile
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Mistral Portable Firing Post
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Mistral Aspic mounting on Peugeot P4
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Mistral Air to Air Missile (Tigre)

AircraftEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_Europe.svg.png Eurocopter Tigre HAD
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Aérospatiale SA 342 Gazelle
  • 17px-Flag_of_Switzerland.svg.png Pilatus PC-6 Turbo Porter
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Aérospatiale Puma
  • 22px-Flag_of_Europe.svg.png Eurocopter EC 725 Caracal
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Eurocopter Fennec
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png SOCATA TBM 700

Support VehiclesEdit

  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Peugeot P4 Light all-terrain vehicle
    • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Peugeot P4 SAS special forces vehicle
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Panhard VPS Special forces vehicle
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png ACMAT VLRA 2.5-tonne utility truck
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Renault TRM 2000 2.5-tonne truck
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Renault TRM 4000 4-tonne truck
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png ACMAT VLA 4-tonne truck
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Renault GBC 180 4-tonne truck
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Renault TRM 10000 10-tonne truck
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png Renault TRM 700-100 tank transporter
  • 22px-Flag_of_France.svg.png EFA (Engin de Franchissement de l'Avant) mobile bridge

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